Reaching Rural Women: Breast Cancer Prevention Information Seeking Behaviors and Interest in Internet, Cell Phone, and Text Use
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The purpose of this study was to examine the breast cancer prevention information seeking behaviors among rural women, the prevalence of Internet, cell, and text use, and interest to receive breast cancer prevention information cell and text messages. While growing literature for breast cancer information sources supports the use of the Internet, little is known about breast cancer prevention information seeking behaviors among rural women and mobile technology. Using a cross-sectional study design, data were collected using a survey. McGuire’s Input–Ouput Model was used as the framework. Self-reported data were obtained from a convenience sample of 157 women with a mean age of 60 (SD = 12.12) at a rural New Mexico imaging center. Common interpersonal information sources were doctors, nurses, and friends and common channel information sources were television, magazines, and Internet. Overall, 87 % used cell phones, 20 % had an interest to receive cell phone breast cancer prevention messages, 47 % used text messaging, 36 % had an interest to receive text breast cancer prevention messages, and 37 % had an interest to receive mammogram reminder text messages. Bivariate analysis revealed significant differences between age, income, and race/ethnicity and use of cell phones or text messaging. There were no differences between age and receiving text messages or text mammogram reminders. Assessment of health information seeking behaviors is important for community health educators to target populations for program development. Future research may identify additional socio-cultural differences.
KeywordsInternet Text message Health information Breast cancer Communication
The authors thank the Alamogordo Imaging Center for their partnership to conduct the study at the center.
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