Journal of Community Health

, Volume 37, Issue 6, pp 1136–1144 | Cite as

Low HPV Vaccine Coverage Among Female Community College Students

Original Paper

Abstract

This study assessed HPV vaccination and its correlates among culturally diverse 18–26 year-old community college women in Los Angeles. Specific research questions were: (1) What proportion of respondents have initiated the HPV vaccine, and what proportion have completed the three-dose series? (2) What demographic (e.g., age, ethnicity), psychosocial (e.g., vaccine-related beliefs, perceived social norms), and health care-related variables (e.g., health insurance status, provider recommendation, health care trust and satisfaction) are associated with vaccine initiation for this sample? Participants were recruited from the campus of a community college in central Los Angeles. All female students between 18 and 26 were eligible to participate. An anonymous web-based survey assessed number of HPV vaccine doses received as well as demographic information, HPV- and HPV vaccine-related knowledge, attitudes, and behavior, perceived social norms, provider & health care system factors, sexual behavior, cervical health, and mother-daughter communication about sex. Analyses were conducted using 178 surveys. Multivariate logistic regression tested the relationships of statistically significant bivariate predictors to vaccine initiation. Those who initiated the vaccine were younger, more often had a health-related academic major, thought the vaccine to be safer, perceived HPV severity lower, and perceived higher social approval for HPV vaccination than those unvaccinated. All who had initiated the vaccine had a doctor’s recommendation. To increase uptake among 18–26-year-old women, research should explore provider interventions to increase vaccine recommendation, and also identify individuals and groups who may have negative beliefs about vaccine safety and efficacy to provide support in vaccine decision-making.

Keywords

HPV vaccine Cervical cancer prevention College women Community college Ethnic minority women 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by the UCLA Cancer Education and Career Development Program, NCI Grant R25 CA 87949. The authors also wish to thank the staff and students of the Los Angeles Community College District, who made this research possible.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erica Marchand
    • 1
  • Beth A. Glenn
    • 1
  • Roshan Bastani
    • 1
  1. 1.UCLA Center for Cancer Prevention and Control ResearchSchool of Public HealthLos AngelesUSA

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