Advertisement

Journal of Community Health

, Volume 37, Issue 4, pp 874–881 | Cite as

Impact of a Community Gardening Project on Vegetable Intake, Food Security and Family Relationships: A Community-based Participatory Research Study

  • Patricia A. Carney
  • Janet L. Hamada
  • Rebecca Rdesinski
  • Lorena Sprager
  • Katelyn R. Nichols
  • Betty Y. Liu
  • Joel Pelayo
  • Maria Antonia Sanchez
  • Jacklien Shannon
Original Paper

Abstract

This community-based participatory research project used popular education techniques to support and educate Hispanic farmworker families in planting and maintaining organic gardens. Measures included a pre- post gardening survey, key informant interviews and observations made at community-based gardening meetings to assess food security, safety and family relationships. Thirty-eight families enrolled in the study during the pre-garden time period, and four more families enrolled in the study during the post-garden period, for a total of 42 families enrolled in the 2009 gardening season. Of the families enrolled during the pre-gardening time period there were 163 household members. The mean age of the interviewee was 44.0, ranging from 21 to 78 years of age. The median number of occupants in a household was 4.0 (range: 2–8), Frequency of adult vegetable intake of “Several time a day” increased from 18.2 to 84.8%, (P < 0.001) and frequency of children’s vegetable intake of “Several time a day” increased from 24.0 to 64.0%, (P = 0.003). Before the gardening season, the sum of the frequencies of “Sometimes” and “Frequently” worrying in the past month that food would run out before money was available to buy more was 31.2% and the sum of these frequencies dropped to 3.1% during the post garden period, (P = 0.006). The frequency of skipping meals due to lack of money was not statistically significantly different before and after the gardening season for either adults or children. Analysis of text responses and key informant interviews revealed that physical and mental health benefits were reported as well as economic and family health benefits from the gardening study, primarily because the families often worked in their gardens together. A community gardening program can reduce food insecurity, improve dietary intake and strengthen family relationships.

Keywords

Community gardening Vegetable intake Health promotion Community-based participatory research 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was funded by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (R03-HD059488).

References

  1. 1.
    Nord, M. A. M., & Carlson, S. (2008). Household food security in the United States, 2007, U.D.o. Agriculture. Economic Research Service: Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Borre, K., et al. (2010). Working to eat: Vulnerability, food insecurity, and obesity among migrant and seasonal farmworker families. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 53(4), 443–462.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Quandt, S. A., et al. (2004). Household food security among migrant and seasonal latino farmworkers in North Carolina. Public Health Reports, 119(6), 568–576.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Weigel, M. M., et al. (2007). The household food insecurity and health outcomes of US-Mexico border migrant and seasonal farmworkers. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 9(3), 157–169.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kirkpatrick, S. I., & Tarasuk, V. (2009). Food insecurity and participation in community food programs among low-income Toronto families. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 100(2), 135–139.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Moron, C. (2006). Food-based nutrition interventions at community level. British Journal of Nutrition, 96(Suppl 1), S20–S22.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bathum, M. E., et al. (2007). A sense of community among immigrant Latinas. Family & Community Health, 30(3), 167–177.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Raffaelli, M. A. L. L. O. (2004). Gender socialization in Latino/a familis: Results from two retrospective studies. Sex Roles: A Journal of Research, 50, 287–299.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Schachameyer, S. (2011). Mexican food traditions in Wilwaukee Urban Gardens (Vol. 1, p. 2). http://www.milwaukeeurbangardens.org/documents/MexicanVolume-1Aug3-11.pdf.
  10. 10.
    Myser, C. (2004). Community-based participatory research in United States bioethics: steps toward more democratic theory and policy. The American Journal of Bioethics, 4(2), 67–68.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Adams, A., Miller-Korth, N., & Brown, D. (2004). Learning to work together: Developing academic and community research partnerships. WMJ, 103(2), 15–19.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Norris, K. C. (2007). Partnering with community-based organizations: An academic institution’s evolving perspective. Ethnicity & Disease, 17(1 Suppl 1), S27–S32.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Noe, T. D., Manson, S. M., Croy, C., McGough, H., Henderson, JA., & Buchwald, D. S. (2007). The influence of community-based participatory research principles on the likelihood of participation in health research in American Indian communities. Ethnicity & Disease, 17(1 Suppl 1), S6–S14.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Oregon Office of Rural Health, Oregon Health & Science University: http://www.ohsu.edu/xd/outreach/oregon-rural-health/data/index.cfm (accessed October 25th, 2011).
  15. 15.
    Arenas-Monreal, L., Paulo-Maya, A., & Lopez-Gonzalez, H. E. (1999). Popular education and child nutrition: Experience with women in a rural area of Mexico. Revista de Saude Publica, 33(2), 113–121.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Neuendorf, K. A. (2002). The content analysis guidebook. New York: Sage.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    The 2011 HHS Poverty Guidelines: http://aspe.hhs.gov/poverty/11poverty.shtml (accessed October 18th, 2011).

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patricia A. Carney
    • 1
  • Janet L. Hamada
    • 2
  • Rebecca Rdesinski
    • 1
  • Lorena Sprager
    • 2
  • Katelyn R. Nichols
    • 1
  • Betty Y. Liu
    • 3
  • Joel Pelayo
    • 2
  • Maria Antonia Sanchez
    • 2
  • Jacklien Shannon
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Family MedicineOregon Health & Science UniversityPortlandUSA
  2. 2.Nuestra Comunidad SanaThe Next Door, IncHood RiverUSA
  3. 3.School of MedicineOregon Health & Science UniversityPortlandUSA
  4. 4.Department of Public Health and Preventive MedicineOregon Health & Science UniversityPortlandUSA

Personalised recommendations