Journal of Community Health

, Volume 37, Issue 3, pp 653–662 | Cite as

Diabetes Self-Efficacy Strongly Influences Actual Control of Diabetes in Patients Attending a Tertiary Hospital in India

  • Kavita VenkataramanEmail author
  • Anjur Tupil Kannan
  • Om Prakash Kalra
  • Jasvinder Kaur Gambhir
  • Arun Kumar Sharma
  • K. R. Sundaram
  • V. Mohan
Original Paper


A cross-sectional survey of 507 in- and out-patients, with diagnosed Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) was undertaken to study the relationships between personal, disease and treatment-related factors and diabetes control in a tertiary care hospital. On multivariate logistic regression analysis, self-efficacy (odds ratio (OR) = 2.94; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.92–4.54); P < 0.001) was the single most important determinant of current diabetes control (HbA1c ≤ 7%), along with absence of hyperglycemic symptoms in the past year (OR = 1.83; 95% CI = 1.15–2.93, P < 0.01), current treatment with oral medication (OR = 1.77; 95% CI = 1.17–2.66; P < 0.007), and adherence to dietary restrictions (OR = 2.7; 95% CI = 1.28–5.88; P < 0.009). Self-efficacy was itself influenced by educational status, employment, availability of family support, and positive mental attitudes. Our findings suggest that health care delivery inputs, patients’ personal characteristics including education and attitude, and family support for care are complexly processed to determine patients’ ability to manage their disease, which ultimately influences disease outcomes.


Diabetes mellitus Glycemic control Health management India Self-efficacy 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kavita Venkataraman
    • 1
    Email author
  • Anjur Tupil Kannan
    • 2
  • Om Prakash Kalra
    • 3
  • Jasvinder Kaur Gambhir
    • 4
  • Arun Kumar Sharma
    • 2
  • K. R. Sundaram
    • 5
  • V. Mohan
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Yong Loo Lin School of MedicineNational University of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.Department of Community MedicineUniversity College of Medical Sciences and Guru Tegh Bahadur HospitalDelhiIndia
  3. 3.Department of MedicineUniversity College of Medical Sciences and Guru Tegh Bahadur HospitalDelhiIndia
  4. 4.Department of BiochemistryUniversity College of Medical Sciences and Guru Tegh Bahadur HospitalDelhiIndia
  5. 5.Department of BiostatisticsAmrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research CentreKochiIndia
  6. 6.Dr Mohan’s Diabetes Specialties Centre and Madras Diabetes Research Foundation ChennaiChennaiIndia

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