Journal of Community Health

, Volume 37, Issue 1, pp 153–158

Knowledge of Hepatitis B Risk Factors and Prevention Practices among Individuals Chronically Infected with Hepatitis B in San Francisco, California

  • Amy Nishimura
  • Patricia Shiono
  • David Stier
  • Sue Shallow
  • Melissa Sanchez
  • Sandra Huang
Original Paper

Abstract

Asian/Pacific Islanders (A/PIs) in the United States are disproportionately affected by the hepatitis B virus (HBV), which can cause a lifelong liver infection that may result in cirrhosis, liver failure, liver cancer, or death. Although previous studies have measured knowledge of hepatitis B transmission and prevention practices in A/PI communities, we present results from the first population-based study of this type, which specifically focuses on A/PIs who are chronically infected with HBV. Through telephone interviews, we assessed the HBV risk factor knowledge and prevention practices of a population-based, random sample of persons with chronic HBV who were reported to the San Francisco Department of Public Health between October 2007 and July 2009. Among 829 respondents, 67% were foreign born A/PIs of Chinese ethnicity who did not speak English as their primary language. Among all respondents, 75% were unable to identify how they acquired HBV, and 41% said that they do nothing to prevent transmission of HBV to their close contacts. Knowledge of HBV risk factors and recommended prevention practices was poor among A/PIs who are chronically infected with HBV and who may transmit the infection to others.

Keywords

Hepatitis B Asian/Pacific Islanders Knowledge Prevention 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amy Nishimura
    • 1
  • Patricia Shiono
    • 2
  • David Stier
    • 3
  • Sue Shallow
    • 3
  • Melissa Sanchez
    • 3
  • Sandra Huang
    • 3
  1. 1.California Emerging Infections ProgramSan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.San FranciscoUSA
  3. 3.Communicable Disease Control and PreventionSan Francisco Department of Public HealthSan FranciscoUSA

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