Journal of Community Health

, Volume 33, Issue 4, pp 217–224 | Cite as

Development of an ESL Curriculum to Educate Chinese Immigrants About Hepatitis B

  • Victoria M. Taylor
  • Gloria Coronado
  • Elizabeth Acorda
  • Chong Teh
  • Shin-Ping Tu
  • Yutaka Yasui
  • Roshan Bastani
  • T. Gregory Hislop
Original Paper

Abstract

Chinese immigrants to North America have substantially higher rates of chronic hepatitis B infection than the general population. One area for strategic development in the field of health education is the design and evaluation of English-as-a-Second language (ESL) curricula. The theoretical perspective of the Health Behavior Framework, results from a community-based survey of Chinese Canadian immigrants with limited English proficiency, and findings from focus groups of ESL instructors as well as Chinese ESL students were used to develop a hepatitis B ESL educational module. This research was conducted in Vancouver, BC. Survey data showed that less than three-fifths of the respondents had been tested for hepatitis B, and documented some important hepatitis B knowledge deficits. Further, only about one-quarter had ever received a physician recommendation for hepatitis B serologic testing. The ESL curriculum aims to both promote hepatitis B testing and improve knowledge, and includes seven different ESL exercises: Warm-up, vocabulary cards, information-gap, video, jigsaw, guided discussion, and problem/advice cards. Our quantitative and qualitative methods for curriculum development could be replicated for other health education topics and in other limited English speaking populations.

Keywords

Chinese immigrants English as a second language (ESL) Health education Hepatitis B 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Victoria M. Taylor
    • 1
  • Gloria Coronado
    • 1
  • Elizabeth Acorda
    • 1
  • Chong Teh
    • 2
  • Shin-Ping Tu
    • 3
  • Yutaka Yasui
    • 4
  • Roshan Bastani
    • 5
  • T. Gregory Hislop
    • 2
  1. 1.Cancer Prevention ProgramFred Hutchinson Cancer Research CenterSeattleUSA
  2. 2.Cancer Control Research ProgramBritish Columbia Cancer AgencyVancouverCanada
  3. 3.Department of MedicineHarborview Medical CenterSeattleUSA
  4. 4.Department of Public Health SciencesUniversity of Alberta (Clinical Sciences Building)EdmontonCanada
  5. 5.Department of Health ServicesUniversity of California Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA

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