Journal of Community Health

, Volume 29, Issue 6, pp 467–481 | Cite as

Acculturation, Physical Activity, and Fast-Food Consumption Among Asian-American and Hispanic Adolescents

  • Jennifer B. Unger
  • Kim Reynolds
  • Sohaila Shakib
  • Donna Spruijt-Metz
  • Ping Sun
  • C. Anderson Johnson

Abstract

Previous studies have implicated acculturation to the US as a risk factor for unhealthy behaviors among Hispanic and Asian-American adolescents, including substance use, violence, and unsafe sex. This study examined the association between acculturation and obesity-related behaviors•physical activity and fast-food consumption•among 619 Asian-American and 1385 Hispanic adolescents in Southern California. Respondents completed surveys in 6th and 7th grade. The 6th grade survey assessed acculturation with the AHIMSA acculturation scale and a measure of English language usage. The 7th grade survey assessed frequency of moderate-to-intense physical activity and frequency of eating fast-food. Multiple regression analyses included acculturation and demographic covariates as predictors of physical activity and fast-food consumption. Acculturation to the US, assessed in 6th grade, was significantly associated with a lower frequency of physical activity participation and a higher frequency of fast-food consumption in 7th grade. The significant associations persisted after controlling for covariates and were consistent across gender and ethnic groups. Results suggest that acculturation to the US is a risk factor for obesity-related behaviors among Asian-American and Hispanic adolescents. Health promotion programs are needed to encourage physical activity and healthy diets among adolescents in acculturating families.

Acculturation Adolescence Diet Ethnicity Physical activity 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jennifer B. Unger
    • 1
  • Kim Reynolds
    • 1
  • Sohaila Shakib
    • 1
  • Donna Spruijt-Metz
    • 1
  • Ping Sun
    • 1
  • C. Anderson Johnson
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention ResearchUniversity of Southern California Keck School of MedicineUSA

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