Gambling, Risk-Taking, and Antisocial Behavior: A Replication Study Supporting the Generality of Deviance
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Research suggests that high frequency gambling is a component of the “generality of deviance”, which describes the observation that various forms of risky and antisocial behavior tend to co-occur among individuals. Furthermore, risky and antisocial behaviors have been associated with such personality traits as low self-control, and impulsivity, and sensation-seeking. We conducted a replication (and extension) of two previous studies examining whether high frequency gambling is part of the generality of deviance using a large and diverse community sample (n = 328). This study was conducted as a response to calls for more replication studies in the behavioral and psychological sciences (recent systematic efforts suggest that a significant proportion of psychology studies do not replicate). The results of the present study largely replicate those previously found, and in many cases, we observed stronger associations among measures of gambling, risk-taking, and antisocial behavior in this diverse sample. Together, this study provides evidence for the generality of deviance inclusive of gambling (and, some evidence for the replicability of research relating to gambling and individual differences).
KeywordsGambling Risk-taking Antisocial behavior Deviance Personality Attitudes Replication
This research was supported by a research grants and fellowships from the Ontario Problem Gambling Research Centre and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. The authors would like to thank Thomas Fox, Sara Kafashan, Lindsay Kleiner, Christine Mishra, and Alix Shriner for their help with data collection.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
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