Journal of Gambling Studies

, Volume 32, Issue 3, pp 935–955 | Cite as

Problem Gambling Family Impacts: Development of the Problem Gambling Family Impact Scale

  • N. A. Dowling
  • A. Suomi
  • A. C. Jackson
  • T. Lavis
Original Paper


Although family members of problem gamblers frequently present to treatment services, problem gambling family impacts are under-researched. The most commonly endorsed items on a new measure of gambling-related family impacts [Problem Gambling Family Impact Measure (PG-FIM: Problem Gambler version)] by 212 treatment-seeking problem gamblers included trust (62.5 %), anger (61.8 %), depression or sadness (58.7 %), anxiety (57.7 %), distress due to gambling-related absences (56.1 %), reduced quality time (52.4 %), and communication breakdowns (52.4 %). The PG-FIM (Problem Gambler version) was comprised of three factors: (1) financial impacts, (2) increased responsibility impacts, and (3) psychosocial impacts with good psychometric properties. Younger, more impulsive, non-electronic gaming machine (EGM) gamblers who had more severe gambling problems reported more financial impacts; non-EGM gamblers with poorer general health reported more increased responsibility impacts; and more impulsive non-EGM gamblers with more psychological distress and higher gambling severity reported more psychosocial impacts. The findings have implications for the development of interventions for the family members of problem gamblers.


Gambling Family Significant others Impact Counselling Treatment 



This manuscript presents secondary analysis of data from research on problem gambling and family violence funded by the Australian Research Council (Linkage Grant LP 0989331) with the Office for Problem Gambling, South Australia and Drummond Street Services, Victoria as industry partners; and the Problem Gambling Research and Treatment Centre at the University of Melbourne. The research team would like to acknowledge the effort of the participating agencies in Victoria, South Australia and Tasmania, and the clients who participated in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. A. Dowling
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • A. Suomi
    • 1
    • 4
  • A. C. Jackson
    • 2
  • T. Lavis
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.School of PsychologyDeakin UniversityBurwoodAustralia
  2. 2.Melbourne Graduate School of EducationUniversity of MelbourneMelbourneAustralia
  3. 3.School of Psychological SciencesMonash UniversityClaytonAustralia
  4. 4.Centre for Gambling Research, School of SociologyAustralian National UniversityCanberraAustralia
  5. 5.Student Learning CentreFlinders UniversityBedford ParkAustralia
  6. 6.School of MedicineFlinders UniversityBedford ParkAustralia

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