Journal of Gambling Studies

, Volume 29, Issue 2, pp 217–230 | Cite as

Problem Gambling Among International and Domestic University Students in Australia: Who is at Risk?

  • Susan M. Moore
  • Anna C. Thomas
  • Sudhir Kalé
  • Mark Spence
  • Natalina Zlatevska
  • Petra K. Staiger
  • Joseph Graffam
  • Michael Kyrios
Original Paper

Abstract

Young people are a high risk group for gambling problems and university (college) students fall into that category. Given the high accessibility of gambling in Australia and its association with entertainment, students from overseas countries, particularly those where gambling is restricted or illegal, may be particularly vulnerable. This study examines problem gambling and its correlates among international and domestic university students using a sample of 836 domestic students (286 males; 546 females); and 764 international students (369 males; 396 females) at three Australian universities. Our findings indicate that although most students gamble infrequently, around 5 % of students are problem gamblers, a proportion higher than that in the general adult population. Popular gambling choices include games known to be associated with risk (cards, horse races, sports betting, casino games, and gaming machines) as well as lotto/scratch tickets. Males are more likely to be problem gamblers than females, and almost 10 % of male international students could be classified as problem gamblers. Hierarchical regression analysis showed that male gender, international student status, financial stress, negative affect and frequency of gambling on sports, horses/dogs, table games, casino gaming machines, internet casino games and bingo all significantly predicted problem gambling. Results from this study could inform gambling-education programs in universities as they indicate which groups are more vulnerable and specify which games pose more risk of problem gambling.

Keywords

University (college) students International students Stressors Negative affect 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to acknowledge Gambling Research Australia who funded this research. We would also like to thank the domestic and international students who volunteered to be part of this study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susan M. Moore
    • 1
  • Anna C. Thomas
    • 1
  • Sudhir Kalé
    • 2
  • Mark Spence
    • 2
  • Natalina Zlatevska
    • 2
  • Petra K. Staiger
    • 3
  • Joseph Graffam
    • 3
  • Michael Kyrios
    • 1
  1. 1.Brain and Psychological Sciences Research CentreFaculty of Life and Social Sciences, Swinburne University of TechnologyHawthornAustralia
  2. 2.School of BusinessBond UniversityGold CoastAustralia
  3. 3.Centre for Metal Health and Wellbeing ResearchDeakin UniversityBurwoodAustralia

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