Journal of Gambling Studies

, Volume 28, Issue 3, pp 351–362 | Cite as

Multidimensional Comparison of Personality Characteristics of the Big Five Model, Impulsiveness, and Affect in Pathological Gambling and Obsessive–Compulsive Disorder

  • Jae Yeon Hwang
  • Young-Chul Shin
  • Se-Won Lim
  • Hye Youn Park
  • Na Young Shin
  • Joon Hwan Jang
  • Hye-Yoon Park
  • Jun Soo Kwon
Original Paper

Abstract

The phenomenological resemblance between pathological gambling (PG) and obsessivecompulsive disorder (OCD) has led to suggestions that PG be categorized as an obsessivecompulsive-spectrum disorder (OCSD). This study aimed to explore whether PG resembles OCD in terms of personality and temperament. Fifteen patients with PG, 18 patients with OCD, and 33 healthy control subjects were included in the study. The study subjects were all male and drug naïve. We analyzed data obtained from three self-report questionnaires assessing personality, impulsiveness, and affect: the short version of the NEO Personality Inventory-Revised (NEO-PI-R), the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11 (BIS-11), and the Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS). Participants with PG and OCD demonstrated less conscientiousness (F = 7.089, P = .002) and less openness to experience (F = 6.268, P = .003) and less positive affect (F = 15.816, P < .001) than did healthy controls. The two diagnostic groups did not differ from each other with respect total BIS-11 scores, but those with OCD showed more neuroticism than did those with PG and healthy controls (F = 9.556, P < .001), and those with PG obtained higher scores on the non-planning impulsiveness factor of BIS-11 than did those with OCD or healthy controls (F = 9,835, P < .001). PG and OCD share similar profiles in terms of personality and temperament. This study provides phenomenological evidence supporting the conceptualization of PG as an OCSD.

Keywords

Obsessive–compulsive disorder Pathological gambling Personality Impulsiveness Affect 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by a grant (2009K001270) from Brain Research Center of the 21st Century Frontier Research Program funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology, the Republic of Korea.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jae Yeon Hwang
    • 1
  • Young-Chul Shin
    • 2
  • Se-Won Lim
    • 2
  • Hye Youn Park
    • 3
  • Na Young Shin
    • 4
  • Joon Hwan Jang
    • 3
  • Hye-Yoon Park
    • 3
  • Jun Soo Kwon
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences-World Class University programSeoul National University College of Natural SciencesSeoulRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Psychiatry, Kangbuk Samsung HospitalSungkyunkwan University School of MedicineSeoulRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatrySeoul National University College of MedicineSeoulRepublic of Korea
  4. 4.Clinical Cognitive Neuroscience CenterNeuroscience Institute, SNU-MRCSeoulRepublic of Korea

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