Journal of Gambling Studies

, Volume 27, Issue 3, pp 389–400 | Cite as

Association Between Internet Gambling and Problematic Internet Use Among Adolescents

  • Artemis TsitsikaEmail author
  • Elena Critselis
  • Mari Janikian
  • George Kormas
  • Dimitrios A. Kafetzis
Original Paper


The study objectives were to evaluate the correlates and psychosocial implications of internet gambling among adolescents, as well as the association between internet gambling and problematic internet use. A cross-sectional study design was applied among a random sample (N = 484) of adolescents (71.2% boys; 28.8% girls; mean age ± standard deviation, SD = 14.88 ± 0.55 years). Self-completed questionnaires, including internet gambling practices, internet use characteristics, Young Internet Addiction Test, and Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire were utilized. The prevalence of internet gambling was 15.1%. Internet gambling was associated with psychosocial maladjustment, including Abnormal Conduct Problems (gender adjusted odds ratio, AOR = 3.83; 95% confidence interval, 95% CI: 1.86–7.92) and Borderline Peer Problems (AOR = 2.04; 95% CI: 1.09–3.85). The likelihood of concomitant problematic internet use was significantly higher among internet gamblers (AOR = 1.81; 95% CI: 1.03–3.19). Multivariate regression analyses indicated that among all characteristics of internet use assessed, utilizing the internet for the purposes of gambling practices was independently associated with problematic internet use among adolescents (AOR = 3.43; 95% CI: 1.40–8.39). Thus, the study findings suggest that adolescents who participate in internet gambling practices are more likely to concomitantly present with problematic internet use.


Adolescence Internet gambling Addictive behavior Psychosocial aspects Psychological adjustment 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Artemis Tsitsika
    • 1
    Email author
  • Elena Critselis
    • 2
  • Mari Janikian
    • 1
  • George Kormas
    • 1
  • Dimitrios A. Kafetzis
    • 2
  1. 1.Adolescent Health Unit (A.H.U.), Second University Department of Pediatrics“P. & A. Kyriakou” Children’s Hospital, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of MedicineAthensGreece
  2. 2.Second University Department of Pediatrics“P. & A. Kyriakou” Children’s Hospital, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of MedicineAthensGreece

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