Gambling and Problem Gambling Across the Lifespan
- 1k Downloads
Two national U.S. telephone surveys of gambling were conducted, an adult survey (age 18 and over, N = 2,631) in 1999–2000 and a youth (age 14–21, N = 2,274) survey in 2005–2007. The data from these surveys were combined to examine the prevalence of any gambling, frequent gambling and problem gambling across the lifespan. These types of gambling involvement increased in frequency during the teens, reached a high level in the respondents’ 20s and 30s, and then fell off in as the respondents aged. The notion that gambling involvement generally, and especially problem gambling, is most prevalent during the teens was not supported. A comparison of the age patterns of gambling involvement and alcohol involvement showed that alcohol involvement peaks at a younger age than gambling involvement; and thus, the theory that deviant behaviors peak at an early age applies more to alcohol than to gambling.
KeywordsGambling Youth Adolescence Elderly Lifespan
This work was funded by grant R01MH63761 from the National Institute on Mental Health.
- American Psychiatric Association. (1994). DSM-IV: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.Google Scholar
- Cloninger, C. R., Sigvardsson, S., & Bohman, M. (1996). Type I and type II alcoholism: An update. Alcohol Health & Research World, 20, 18–23.Google Scholar
- Gottfredson, M. R., & Hirschi, T. (1990). A general theory of crime. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
- Hirschi, T., & Gottfredson, M. R. (Eds.). (1994). The generality of deviance. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers.Google Scholar
- Kallick, M., Suits, D., Dielman, T., & Hybels, J. (1979). A survey of American gambling attitudes and behavior. Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research, The University of Michigan.Google Scholar
- Lavrakas, P. J. (1993). Telephone survey methods: Sampling, selection, and supervision. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
- National Opinion Research Center. (1999). Gambling impact and behavior study. Chicago, IL: NORC.Google Scholar
- Robins, L., Marcus, L., Reich, W., Cunningham, R., & Gallagher, T. (1996). NIMH Diagnostic Interview Schedule–Version IV (DIS-IV). St. Louis: Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine.Google Scholar
- Shaffer, H. J., Hall, M. N., & Bilt, J. V. (1997). Estimating the prevalence of disordered gambling behavior in the United States and Canada: A meta-analysis. Boston, MA: Harvard Medical School.Google Scholar
- Winters, K. C., & Henley, G. A. (1993). Adolescent Diagnostic Interview schedule and manual. Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services.Google Scholar