Journal of Genetic Counseling

, Volume 15, Issue 6, pp 449–460 | Cite as

Spiritual Coping, Family History, and Perceived Risk for Breast Cancer—Can We Make Sense of it?

  • John M. Quillin
  • Donna K. McClish
  • Resa M. Jones
  • Karen Burruss
  • Joann N. Bodurtha
Original Research

Differences in spiritual beliefs and practices could influence perceptions of the role of genetic risk factors on personal cancer risk. We explored spiritual coping and breast cancer risk perceptions among women with and without a reported family history of breast cancer. Analyses were conducted on data from 899 women in primary care clinics who did not have breast cancer. Structural equation modeling (SEM), linear, and logistic modeling tested an interaction of family history of breast cancer on the relationship between spiritual coping and risk perceptions. Overall analyses demonstrated an inverse relationship between spiritual coping and breast cancer risk perceptions and a modifying effect of family history. More frequent spiritual coping was associated with lower risk perceptions for women with positive family histories, but not for those with negative family histories. Results support further research in this area that could influence communication of risk information to cancer genetic counseling patients.

KEY WORDS:

risk spirituality coping genetic predisposition to disease breast neoplasms 

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Copyright information

© National Society of Genetic Counselors, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • John M. Quillin
    • 1
    • 4
  • Donna K. McClish
    • 2
    • 4
  • Resa M. Jones
    • 3
    • 4
  • Karen Burruss
    • 4
  • Joann N. Bodurtha
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Human GeneticsVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA
  2. 2.Department of BiostatisticsVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA
  3. 3.Department of Epidemiology & Community HealthVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA
  4. 4.Massey Cancer CenterVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA

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