Before there Is a Table: Small Wins to Build a Movement against Sexual and Relationship Violence in a University Context
- 331 Downloads
Addressing sexual and relationship violence (SRV) on campuses requires coordinated engagement from all members of the campus-community; however, many campuses do not yet have the infrastructure or institutional commitment to build an all-campus action plan. In such cases, campuses lack the metaphorical table around which collaboration happens. This paper presents tensions and lessons learned so far from a faculty-staff-student partnership to build a movement toward university-wide collaborative practice. Through iterative, collaborative reflection on our context, practice, and intermediate outcomes, we identified recommendations for improving praxis in campus-based, intersectional anti-SRV organizing. Our analysis explores how our individual positionalities both open up and limit our potential to move this work forward. We share our guiding values and frameworks, including intersectional feminist attention to power and oppression; centering survivors and students; strategic collaboration within systems; and integrating self-care and other supportive practices for building a sustainable movement. Our emergent strategy, illustrated through ten lessons/tensions and four case examples, focuses on finding close collaborators with shared SRV analysis; making the best use of resources and spaces we control; identifying meaningful “small wins;” and pursuing opportunities to connect to others through positive collaborations. Efforts to intentionally raise awareness and grow strategic institutional connections build momentum toward institutionally-supported campus-wide evaluation and reimagining of prevention and survivor-support efforts. While feminist collaborative social change is challenging, we celebrate and learn from our “two steps forward” to sustain us through the inevitable steps back. We write to stir a conversation where we help each other interpret and learn across our varied contexts.
KeywordsSexual violence Relationship violence Campus Higher education Participatory practice Collaboration Feminist praxis Social change
This paper is dedicated to the memory of Anna Bui and every survivor of relationship and sexual violence at UW Bothell. We also want to acknowledge all of our colleagues who worked to raise the visibility of sexual and relationship violence practice on our campus. We cannot name everyone, but we are especially grateful to our collaborators in Gender, Women, and Sexuality Studies and Student Affairs.
- Alinsky, S. (1971). Rules for radicals: A practical primer for realistic radicals. New York: Vintage.Google Scholar
- American College Health Association. (2016). Addressing Sexual and Relationship Violence on College and University Campuses. Retrieved from https://www.acha.org/documents/resources/guidelines/Addressing_Sexual_Violence.pdf.
- Arao, B., & Clemens, K. (2013). From safe spaces to brave spaces: A new way to frame dialogue around diversity and social justice. In L. M. Landreman (Ed.), The art of effective facilitation: Reflections from social justice educators (pp. 135–150). Sterling: Stylus Publishing.Google Scholar
- Au, W. (2010). Unequal by design: High-stakes testing and the standardization of inequality. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Burke, L. (2018, March 9).The #MeToo shockwave: How the movement has reverberated around the world. The telegraph. Retrieved from https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/world/metoo-shockwave/.
- California Coalition Against Sexual Assault. (2016). Sexual Assault Prevention on U.S College Campuses: A National Scan. Retrieved from http://www.preventconnect.org/2016/05/sexual-assault-prevention-on-u-s-college-campuses-a-national-scan/.
- Campbell, R. (2002). Emotionally involved: The impact of researching rape. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Campus Advocacy and Prevention Professionals Association (2017). CAPPA position statement on Title IX implementation for campus sexual assault. Retrieved from Http://www.nationalcappa.org/position-statements/.
- Cantor, D., Fisher, B., Chibnall, S., & Townsend, R. (2015, September 21). Report on the AAU campus climate survey on sexual assault and sexual misconduct. Retrieved from https://www.aau.edu/sites/default/files/%40%20Files/Climate%20Survey/AAU_Campus_Climate_Survey_12_14_15.pdf.
- Center for Disease Control. (2016). Sexual Violence on Campus: Strategies for Prevention. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/campussvprevention.pdf.
- Fineman, M., & Mykitiuk, R. (1994). The public nature of private violence: The discovery of domestic abuse. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Foucault, M. (1990). The history of sexuality. New York: Vintage Books.Google Scholar
- Freire, P. (1971). Pedagogy of the oppressed. New York: Herder & Herder.Google Scholar
- Garcia, S. E. (2017, Oct 20). The woman who created #MeToo long before hashtags. The New York times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2017/10/20/us/me-too-movement-tarana-burke.html.
- Groover, H. (2016). The shooting in Mukilteo is the latest example of what happens when guns meet toxic masculinity. The stranger. http://www.thestranger.com/news/2016/08/03/24443631/the-shooting-in-mukilteo-is-the-latest-example-of-what-happens-when-guns-meet-toxic-masculinity. Accessed 7 Oct 2017.
- Harris, J. C., & Linder, C. (2017). Intersections of identity and sexual violence on campus: Centering Minoritized Students' experiences. Sterling: Stylus Publishing.Google Scholar
- Hong, L. (2017). Digging up the roots, rustling the leaves: A critical consideration of the root causes of sexual violence and why higher education needs more courage. In J. C. Harris & C. Linder (Eds.), Intersections of identity and sexual violence on campus (pp. 23–41). Sterling: Stylus Publishing.Google Scholar
- hooks, b. (1994). Teaching to transgress: education as the practice of freedom. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Ikeda, T. (2015a, Feb). #survivorloveletter. Retrieved from https://survivorloveletter.tumblr.com.
- Ikeda, T. (2015b, April 22). My Survivor Love Letter. Retrieved from: https://www.huffingtonpost.com/tani-ikeda/my-survivor-love-letter_b_7028678.html.
- Incite! Women of Color Against Violence (Ed.). (2006). Color of violence: The incite! Anthology. Cambridge: South End Press.Google Scholar
- Keeling, R. P., Underhile, R., & Wall, A. F. (2007). Horizontal and vertical structures: The dynamics of organization in higher education. Liberal Education, 93(4), 22–31.Google Scholar
- Knowledge Networks. (2011). 2011 College Dating Violence Poll. Retrieved from http://www.loveisrespect.org/pdf/College_Dating_And_Abuse_Final_Study.pdf
- Krebs, C., Lindquist, C., Berzofsky, M., Shook-Sa, B., & Peterson, K. (2016, January). Campus climate survey validation study final technical report. Retrieved from https://rvap.uiowa.edu/assets/Uploads/Campus-Climate-Survey-2016.pdf.
- Lorde, A. (1984). Sister Outsider: Essays and Speeches. Berkley: Crossing Press.Google Scholar
- Madigan, L., & Gamble, N. C. (1991). The second rape: Society's continued betrayal of the victim. New York: Lexington Books.Google Scholar
- Minkler, M., & Wallerstein, N. (Eds.). (2011). Community-based participatory research for health: From process to outcomes. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
- Mirza, H. (2015). Decolonizing higher education: Black feminism and the intersectionality of race and gender. Journal of Feminist Scholarship, 7(8), 1–12.Google Scholar
- Perez, A., Basu, A., & Silva, J. M. (2015, October). Direct action toward social change: diversity center initiatives at UWB. Roundtable discussion presented at the 2015 Community Action in the West (CRA-W) 10th Annual Conference, Bothell, WA, October 2015.Google Scholar
- Schechter, S. (1982). Women and male violence: The visions and struggles of the battered Women’s movement. Boston: South End Press.Google Scholar
- Schneider, E. (2000). Battered women and feminist lawmaking. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
- Silva, J. M. (2018). “We got you”: what raising up the next generation of scholar- activists has taught me. In M. Whitaker & E. Grollman (Eds.), Counternarratives from women of color in academics: bravery, vulnerability, & resistance. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Sokoloff, N. J., & Pratt, C. (Eds.). (2005). Domestic violence at the margins: Readings on race, class, gender, and culture. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.Google Scholar
- University of Washington Bothell. (2017). Fast facts 2016–2017. https://www.uwb.edu/getattachment/about/facts/fast-facts-2016-2017.pdf. Accessed 7 Oct 2017.
- White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault. (2014, January). Preventing and Addressing Campus Sexual Misconduct: A Guide for University and College Presidents, Chancellors, and Senior Administrators. Retrieved from https://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/whitehouse.gov/files/images/Documents/1.4.17.VAW%20Event.Guide%20for%20College%20Presidents.PDF
- Yeigh, W. (2017, May 23). Supporting all survivors. https://www.uwb.edu/chancellor-blog/may-2017/assault. Accessed 9 Oct 2017.