Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 33, Issue 5, pp 325–339 | Cite as

Risk for Revictimization of Intimate Partner Violence by Multiple Partners: a Systematic Review

  • Elisabeth Christie Ørke
  • Solveig Karin Bø Vatnar
  • Stål Bjørkly
Original Article


Are victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) by multiple partners (MP) different from victims of IPV by one partner? Are there different victim-related risk factors for IPV by MP? This systematic literature review identified seven empirical studies that related to these issues. The review findings indicated that (1) empirical research on IPV by MP appears to be scarce, with only limited recent development; (2) there were significant differences between women who had been subjected to IPV in a single relationship and women with IPV by MP; (3) IPV by MP was significantly associated with childhood domestic trauma, drug abuse, IPV characteristics, and attachment style; (4) regarding PTSD and personality disorders, the results were mixed and inconclusive; and (5) depression did not appear as a salient risk factor for IPV by MP. Interpretations must be made cautiously because of the wide diversity in measurement approaches. It is important that service personnel and researchers attend with increased awareness to women with IPV by MP.


Intimate partner violence Domestic violence Multiple partners Revictimization Risk Vulnerability Multiple victimization 



Acknowledgement is due to the skilled librarian of OUS, Marie Susannah Isachsen, for valuable help in the database search.


This study was funded by the Oslo University Hospital, Division of Mental Health and Addiction, Norway.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elisabeth Christie Ørke
    • 1
  • Solveig Karin Bø Vatnar
    • 1
    • 2
  • Stål Bjørkly
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Centre for Research and Education in Forensic PsychiatryOslo University Hospital, Pb. 4959 Nydalen0424 OsloNorway
  2. 2.Faculty of Health SciencesOsloMet – Oslo Metropolitan UniversityOsloNorway
  3. 3.Faculty of Health and Social SciencesMolde University CollegeMoldeNorway

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