Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 28, Issue 5, pp 503–514 | Cite as

Temporary Restraining Orders in the Netherlands: A Qualitative Examination of Perpetrator and Victim Views

  • Floor B. van Rooij
  • Jose ten Haaf
  • Arnoud P. Verhoeff


In 2009, the Netherlands introduced a 10-day temporary restraining order (TRO) intended for adult perpetrators of domestic violence to defuse dangerous situations and to reduce recidivism by combining a legal action with social services. For this study, 18 victims and 10 perpetrators were interviewed about their experiences with the TRO, related professional help, and the influence the TRO had had on their lives. The interviews were transcribed verbatim and subsequently qualitatively analyzed. Most of the victims were positive about the TRO period. Perpetrators were less positive. The vast majority of respondents accepted help during the TRO and were positive about the professionals’ attitudes, but not necessarily about the type of help. Most respondents reported an increase in their wellbeing, new insights, and no or less serious re-assaults by the perpetrator. The results suggest that, in the short term, TROs have a mainly positive effect on both victims and perpetrators.


Restraining order Domestic violence IPV Qualitative Netherlands Experience Victim Perpetrator 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Floor B. van Rooij
    • 1
  • Jose ten Haaf
    • 2
  • Arnoud P. Verhoeff
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Social and Behavioral SciencesUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdamthe Netherlands
  2. 2.Mental Health PreventionGGZ CentraalLelystadthe Netherlands
  3. 3.The Public Health Service AmsterdamAmsterdamthe Netherlands

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