Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 28, Issue 5, pp 523–534 | Cite as

Risk Factors for Child-to-Parent Violence

  • Izaskun IbabeEmail author
  • Joana Jaureguizar
  • Peter M. Bentler
International Research on Aggression and Violence


One of the goals of the present work was to study the relationship between child-to-parent violence (CPV) and other types of intra-family violence such as inter-parental violence and parent-to-child violence, in order to verify which of these two types of domestic violence is a more relevant risk factor for CPV and to analyze the presence of gender differences in the bi-directionality of violence. Another purpose was to identify the psychological profile of perpetrators. The sample comprised 485 adolescents from the province of Gipuzkoa (Spain), of both sexes, taken from nine schools and aged 12 to 18. Parent-to-child violence and inter-parental violence were significant risk factors for CPV. Evidence was found in support of a social learning taking into account gender: boys were more likely to be physically aggressive toward the mother if she was also physically victimized by the father. Differences were found in the profiles of adolescents who behave violently toward their parents (inappropriate upbringing by mother, social maladjustment, and drug abuse) depending on gender.


Child-to-parent violence Adolescents Family violence Maladjustment Gender differences 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Izaskun Ibabe
    • 1
  • Joana Jaureguizar
    • 2
  • Peter M. Bentler
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Social Psychology and Behavior Sciences Methodology, University College of PsychologyUniversity of the Basque CountryDonostia-San SebastiánSpain
  2. 2.University College of Teaching TrainingUniversity of the Basque CountryLejonaSpain
  3. 3.University of California, Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA

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