Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 27, Issue 3, pp 201–213 | Cite as

Correlates of Substantiated Emotional Maltreatment in the Second Canadian Incidence Study

  • Claire ChamberlandEmail author
  • Barbara Fallon
  • Tara Black
  • Nico Trocmé
  • Martin Chabot


The objective of this study was to determine the correlates of substantiated psychological maltreatment (PMT) in Canada on functions of maltreatment characteristics, child profile, household profile, and child protection services interventions. This study is based on a secondary analysis of data collected in the second Canadian Incidence Study. PMT investigations were categorized into six groups: emotional abuse, emotional neglect, and other maltreatment as single form, and these same three groups when they co-occurred with another form of maltreatment. Six logistic regressions, comparing all pairs of groups, were carried out. Cases of PMT (single form) were more chronic and associated with greater adverse emotional impact than other forms of maltreatment. Mothers of psychologically maltreated children had more mental health issues. Emotional neglect cases were more complex (e.g., substance abuse, mental health, and social housing). The three co-occurrent groups present more negative factors but more risk factors are observed when PMT are also observed (e.g., emotional harm, alcohol abuse, housing problems, chronicity, and referral to other services).


Psychological abuse Psychological neglect 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claire Chamberland
    • 1
    Email author
  • Barbara Fallon
    • 2
  • Tara Black
    • 2
  • Nico Trocmé
    • 3
  • Martin Chabot
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Social WorkUniversity of MontréalMontrealCanada
  2. 2.Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social WorkUniversity of TorontoOntarioCanada
  3. 3.School of Social WorkMcGill UniversityQuébecCanada

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