Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 26, Issue 6, pp 487–500 | Cite as

The Association Between Different Types of Intimate Partner Violence Experienced by Women

  • Christopher KrebsEmail author
  • Matthew J. Breiding
  • Angela Browne
  • Tara Warner
Original Article


Those who experience intimate partner violence (IPV) are often subjected to multiple types of victimization such as physical violence, sexual violence, psychological aggression, and stalking. However, relatively few studies have used a national population-based sample and multivariate methods to analyze the associations between these different types of violence. This study uses multivariate methods to analyze a national population-based sample of women in order to document empirically the extent to which different types of IPV overlap, while controlling for personal and behavioral characteristics. Results indicated significant levels of overlap, with victims often experiencing more than one type of victimization by an intimate partner. Findings also indicated that women who had experienced violence by non-intimate partners were often more likely to experience violence by intimates. Finally, women who had experienced stalking by an intimate were more likely to experience more forms of IPV on average than those who had experienced physical violence, sexual violence, or emotional aggression.


Intimate partner violence (IPV) Sexual violence Domestic violence Overlap 



The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher Krebs
    • 1
    Email author
  • Matthew J. Breiding
    • 2
  • Angela Browne
    • 3
  • Tara Warner
    • 4
  1. 1.RTI International, Crime, Violence, and Justice Research ProgramResearch Triangle ParkUSA
  2. 2.Division of Violence PreventionNational Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and PreventionAtlantaUSA
  3. 3.Vera Institute of JusticeWashingtonUSA
  4. 4.Department of SociologyBowling Green State UniversityBowling GreenUSA

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