Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 26, Issue 6, pp 465–471 | Cite as

Alcohol and Domestic Violence: A Cross-Over Study in Residences of Individuals in Brazil

  • Taís de Campos Moreira
  • Maristela Ferigolo
  • Simone Fernandes
  • Xênia Barros
  • Cláudia G. Mazoni
  • Ana Regina Noto
  • José Carlos Fernandes Galduróz
  • Helena M. T. Barros
Original Article

Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate psychological or physical violence associated with the use of alcohol, in residences of individuals in Brazil and, also describe the social characteristics of aggressors and victims. Therefore, this study expects to contribute to studies in Brazil that seek to clarify the relations between alcohol and violence in residences. A total of 454 respondents, 12–65 years old, were assessed, they were sorted by the Kish method, and the residences randomly. The SAMHSA questionnaire was utilized after translated and adapted to Brazilian conditions. 26% of the individuals reported psychological violence, and 16% reported physical violence. The study’s main results set the differences in the reports for physical violence (OR 7, 95% CI: 4–13) and psychological violence (OR 5, 95% CI: 3–8) in residences where someone arrived or became intoxicated with alcohol (P < 0.05). 50% of the aggressors were under the effects of alcohol, and 77% of the victims were relatives of their aggressors. Acts of violence are not necessarily associated with alcohol consumption. Men and women reported acts of domestic violence; psychological violence was the most prevalent form. Men are currently the primary aggressors, while women are primarily the victims

Keywords

Domestic violence Alcohol Gender 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful for the financial support of the Secretaria Nacional de Políticas sobre Drogas, SENAD, CAPES and CNPQ, which provided a Researcher Productivity Grant 1C to H.M.T. Barros.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Taís de Campos Moreira
    • 1
    • 4
  • Maristela Ferigolo
    • 1
  • Simone Fernandes
    • 1
  • Xênia Barros
    • 2
  • Cláudia G. Mazoni
    • 2
  • Ana Regina Noto
    • 3
  • José Carlos Fernandes Galduróz
    • 3
  • Helena M. T. Barros
    • 1
  1. 1.Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto AlegrePorto AlegreBrazil
  2. 2.Universidade Luterana do BrasilCanoasBrazil
  3. 3.Universidade Federal de São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  4. 4.Federal University Health Sciences—UFCSPAPorto AlegreBrazil

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