Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 25, Issue 2, pp 173–181 | Cite as

Examining an Extension of Johnson’s Hypothesis: Is Male Perpetrated Intimate Partner Violence More Underreported than Female Violence?

Item Non-Response in the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods
  • Clifton R. Emery
Original Article


This paper examines two hypotheses about under-reporting in intimate partner violence data. The first hypothesis holds that significant amounts of under-reporting of intimate partner violence occur due to stigma. The second examines the empirical evidence behind Johnson’s (Journal of Marriage and the Family 57:238–294, 1995) contention that controversial findings of equal rates of intimate partner violence perpetration among men and women occur through a combination of heterogeneity in type of intimate partner violence and missing data. E.M. and Data Augmentation are used to correct for item non-response in the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods. Strong support is found for general under-reporting; weak support is found for greater under-reporting of male violence.


Intimate partner violence Domestic violence Missing data Multiple imputation 



The author would like to thank Ken Wilder, Judith Levine, Harold Pollack, Sydney Hans, Tom Keller, Neil Guterman and Lauren Bernstein. The author gratefully acknowledges support from National Institute of Justice Award # 2005-WG-BX-0001.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.George Warren Brown School of Social WorkWashington UniversitySaint LouisUSA

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