Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 25, Issue 2, pp 123–130 | Cite as

Violence against Women as a Factor in Unmet Need for Contraception in Southwest Nigeria

  • Peter Olasupo OgunjuyigbeEmail author
  • Ambrose Akinlo
  • Gbolahan O. Oni
Original Article


Evidence abounds that the relatively low patronage of family planning services in Nigeria is not simply as a result of the people being resolutely pronatalist. Available statistics indicate that some women are not using contraceptive despite their stated desires to limit or space births and as much as 62% of women with unmet need in Nigeria do not intend to use contraceptive. The paper examines the significance of violence against women in relation to unmet need for contraception. The study utilizes data obtained from a survey which took place in 2004 in six different locations (three rural and three urban) drawn from two of the six Southwestern states, Nigeria. Our findings indicate that domestic violence was not a strong factor influencing contraceptive use and unmet need in the area as spousal opposition was not cited as their reason by any of the women who were not using contraceptives.


Inter-spousal Contraception Violence Women Fertility 


  1. Bawah, A. A. Akweongo, P. Simmons, R. & Philips, J. F. (1999). Women’s fears and men’s anxieties: the impact of family planning on gender relations in northern Ghana. Studies in Family Planning, 30(1), 54–66.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Bhushan, I. (1997). Understanding unmet need. Working Paper, No. 4. Centre for Communication Programs Baltimore, The Johns Hopkins School of Public Health.Google Scholar
  3. Caldwell, J. C. Orubuloye, I. O. & Caldwell, P. (1992). Fertility decline in Africa: a new type of transition? Population and Development Review, 18(2), 211–242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cleland, A. & Wilson, C. (1987). Demand theories of the fertility transition: an iconoclastic view. Population Studies, 41(1), 5–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Coale, A. J. (1973). The Demographic transition reconsidered. In: Proceedings of the International Population Conference, Vol. 1. Liege: International Union for the Scientific Study of Population, pp. 58−71.Google Scholar
  6. Demeny, P. (1975). Observations on population policy and population program in Bangladesh. Population and Development Review, 1(2), 307–321.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Demeny, P. (1992). Policies seeking a reduction of high fertility: a case for the demand side. Population and Development Review, 14, 451–479.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Federal Office of Statistics (FOS). (1990). Nigerian national demographic and health survey (Summary sheet), Lagos.Google Scholar
  9. Foreit, K., Mostajo, P., Gamara, E., & Padilla, A. (1992). Unmet demand for contraception vs. unmet demand for appropriate contraception. Presented at the 120th Annual Meeting of the American Public Health Association, Washington D.C, November.Google Scholar
  10. Heise, L. Ellsberg, M. & Gottemoeller, M. (1999). Ending violence against women. Population reports, Series L, No. 11. Baltimore: Population Information Program, Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health.Google Scholar
  11. National Population Commission (NPC). (1999). Nigerian national demographic and health survey, (Summary sheet), Abuja.Google Scholar
  12. National Population Commission (NPC). (2007). Detailed report on the Census 2006 and provisional results. Federal Government of Nigeria Official Gazette, No. 24.Google Scholar
  13. Ogunjuyigbe, P. O. Akinlo, A. & Ebigbola, J. A. (2005). Violence against women: an examination of men’s attitudes and perceptions about wife beating and contraceptive use. Journal of Asian and African Studies, 40(3), 219–230.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Population Reference Bureau (PRB). (2008). Family planning worldwide 2008 data sheet, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  15. Robey, B. Ross, J. & Bhushan, I. (1996). Meeting unmet need: new strategies. Population reports, Series J, No. 43. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Population Information Program.Google Scholar
  16. Westoff, C. F. & Bankole, A. (1995). Unmet need: 1990−1994. DHS comparative studies, No. 16. Maryland: Macro International.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Olasupo Ogunjuyigbe
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ambrose Akinlo
    • 2
  • Gbolahan O. Oni
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Demography and Social StatisticsObafemi Awolowo UniversityIle-IfeNigeria
  2. 2.Department of Demography and Social StatisticsObafemi Awolowo UniversityIle-IfeNigeria
  3. 3.Department of Population and Family Health SciencesJohns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public HealthBaltimoreUSA

Personalised recommendations