Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 24, Issue 8, pp 639–648

Intergenerational Transmission of Violence: the Influence of Self-Appraisals, Mental Disorders and Substance Abuse

  • Jason B. Whiting
  • Leigh Ann Simmons
  • Jennifer R. Havens
  • Douglas B. Smith
  • Megan Oka
Original Article


Although research has demonstrated connections between experiencing abuse as a child and being in a violent relationship as an adult, the specific mechanisms through which this transmission occurs are unclear. The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between certain personal factors (self-appraisals and mental/substance use disorders) and experiencing violence as an adult. Data from the National Comorbidity Survey (NCS) 1990–1992 were utilized. Respondents who reported experiencing childhood abuse or victimization and were in a current intimate partnership (N = 590) were selected for analysis. Multivariate logistic regression indicated that low self-esteem, past year PTSD, and past year alcohol dependence were significantly associated with intimate partner violence after controlling for other self-appraisals and mental disorders.


Violence transmission Self-appraisal Mental disorders Self-esteem Substance abuse 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jason B. Whiting
    • 1
  • Leigh Ann Simmons
    • 2
  • Jennifer R. Havens
    • 3
  • Douglas B. Smith
    • 1
  • Megan Oka
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Human SciencesTexas Tech UniversityLubbockUSA
  2. 2.Departments of Family Studies and Health Services ManagementUniversity of KentuckyLexingtonUSA
  3. 3.Center on Drug and Alcohol ResearchUniversity of KentuckyLexingtonUSA

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