The ‘Butner Study’ Redux: A Report of the Incidence of Hands-on Child Victimization by Child Pornography Offenders
- 2.8k Downloads
This study compared two groups of child pornography offenders participating in a voluntary treatment program: men whose known sexual offense history at the time of judicial sentencing involved the possession, receipt, or distribution of child abuse images, but did not include any “hands-on” sexual abuse; and men convicted of similar offenses who had documented histories of hands-on sexual offending against at least one child victim. The goal was to determine whether the former group of offenders were “merely” collectors of child pornography at little risk for engaging in hands-on sexual offenses, or if they were contact sex offenders whose criminal sexual behavior involving children, with the exception of Internet crimes, went undetected. Our findings show that the Internet offenders in our sample were significantly more likely than not to have sexually abused a child via a hands-on act. They also indicate that the offenders who abused children were likely to have offended against multiple victims, and that the incidence of “crossover” by gender and age is high.
KeywordsChild pornography Internet offender Online offender Butner Study Hands-on abuse
The authors wish to thank R. Harmon for his assistance with data collection and data entry.
- Abel G. G., & Harlow, N. (2001). The stop child molestation book. Xlibris: www.xlibris.com.
- Abel, G. G., Mittleman, M. S., & Becker, J. V. (1985). Sex offenders: Results of assessment and recommendations for treatment. In M. H. Ben-Aron, S. I. Hucker, & C. D. Webster (Eds.), Clinical criminology: The assessment and treatment of criminal behavior (pp. 191–205). Toronto: M & M Graphics.Google Scholar
- Bumby, K. M. (1996). Assessing the cognitive distortions of child molesters and rapists: Development and validation of the MOLEST and RAPE scales. Sexual Abuse, 8, 37–54.Google Scholar
- Carich, M. S., & Calder, M. C. (2003). Contemporary treatment of adult male sex offenders. Lyme Regis, Dorset: Russell House.Google Scholar
- Delmonico, D. L., Griffin, E. J., & Carnes, P. J. (2002). Treating online compulsive sexual behavior: When cybersex becomes the drug of choice. In A. Cooper (Ed.), Sex & the Internet: A guidebook for clinicians (pp. 147–167). New York: Brunner-Routledge.Google Scholar
- Durkin, K. (1997). Misuse of the Internet by paedophiles: implications for law enforcement and probation practice. Federal Probation, 61, 14–18.Google Scholar
- Durkin, K., & Bryant, C. (1999). Propagandizing pederasty: a thematic analysis of the online exculpatory accounts of unrepentant paedophiles. Deviant Behavior: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 20, 103–127.Google Scholar
- English, K., Jones, L., Pasini-Hill, D., Patrick, D., & Cooley-Towell, S. (2000). The value of polygraph testing in sex offender management: Research report submitted to the National Institute of Justice. Obtained on August 15, 2006 from http://www.ncjrs.gov.
- Federal Bureau of Investigation (January 24, 2006). Online pornography/child sexual exploitation investigations: Innocent Images National Initiative. Obtained on June 12, 2006 from http://www.fbi.gov.
- Galbreath, N. W., Berlin, F. S., & Sawyer, D. (2002). Paraphilias and the Internet. In A. Cooper (Ed.), Sex & the internet: A guidebook for clinicians (pp. 187–205). New York: Brunner-Routledge.Google Scholar
- Hernandez, A. (2000). Self-reported contact sexual offenses by participants in the federal bureau of prisons’ sex offender treatment program: implications for internet sex offenders. San Diego, CA: Poster session presented at the 19th Annual Research and Treatment Conference of the Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers November.Google Scholar
- Kaplan, M. S. (1985). The impact of parolees’ perceptions of confidentiality on the reporting of their urges to interact sexually with children. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, New York University, New York City.Google Scholar
- Lanning, K., & Burgess, A. W. (1989). Child pornography and sex rings. In D. Zillman, & J. Bryant (Eds.), Pornography: Research advances and policy considerations. Hillside, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
- Quinsey, V. L. (1986). Men who have sex with children. In D. N. Weisstub (Ed.), Law and mental health: International perspectives: Vol. 2 (pp. 140–172). New York: Pergamon.Google Scholar
- Sexual exploitation of children over the internet: What parents, kids, and congress need to know about child predators: Hearings before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations, of the House Committee on Energy and Commerce, 109th Cong., 2d Sess. (2006) (testimony of Ernie Allen).Google Scholar
- Taylor, M., & Quayle, E. (2003). Child pornography: An Internet crime. New York: Brunner-Routledge.Google Scholar
- Ward, T., Hudson, S. M., & Marshall, W. L. (1995). Cognitive distortions and affective deficits in sex offenders: a cognitive deconstructionist interpretation. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 7, 67–83.Google Scholar
- Wolak, J., Finkelhor, D., & Mitchell, K. J. (2005). Child-pornography possessors arrested in Internet-related crimes. National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. Obtained on July 31, 2006 from http://www.missingkids.com.