Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 23, Issue 5, pp 377–385 | Cite as

Factors Associated with Separation and Ongoing Violence among Women with Civil Protective Orders

  • TK Logan
  • Robert Walker
  • Lisa Shannon
  • Jennifer Cole
Original Article


This study examined a large sample of women recruited out of court at the time they received a civil protective order to better understand relationship status after obtaining a protective order (PO) and factors associated with protective order violations. Results are consistent with prior research suggesting that the protective order may be the impetus in separating from the abusive partner for some women, while for other women it is part of the separation process. Results also indicated that five out of ten women who did not continue a relationship experienced a violation while seven out of ten women who did continue a relationship with the PO partner experienced a violation. The majority of women felt safer and reported they believed the protective order was effective 13 months post-PO, regardless of relationship status. Furthermore, stalking played a significant role in separation from an abusive relationship and in protective order violations regardless of relationship status. Implications for practice and future research are discussed.


Domestic violence Civil protective orders Separation Stalking Protective order violations 



The research for and preparation of this article were supported by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) Grant Number AA12735-01 and the University of Kentucky General Clinical Research Organization funded by the National Institute of Health Grant #M01RR02602.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • TK Logan
    • 1
  • Robert Walker
    • 2
  • Lisa Shannon
    • 2
  • Jennifer Cole
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Behavioral ScienceUniversity of KentuckyLexingtonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Behavioral ScienceUniversity of KentuckyLexingtonUSA

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