Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 23, Issue 5, pp 303–313

Gender Differences in the Connections Between Violence Experienced as a Child and Perpetration of Intimate Partner Violence in Young Adulthood

Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10896-008-9152-0

Cite this article as:
Fang, X. & Corso, P.S. J Fam Viol (2008) 23: 303. doi:10.1007/s10896-008-9152-0


This paper uses longitudinal and nationally representative survey data to investigate the direct relationship between three forms of child maltreatment (neglect, physical abuse, and sexual abuse), and future intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration in the USA. We further examine the indirect effect that child maltreatment has on future IPV perpetration through the presence of youth violence perpetration, and the roles of socioeconomic factors on committing youth violence and IPV. Analyses indicate that gender differences exist for the developmental relationship between child maltreatment and young adult IPV perpetration, and the effects of socioeconomic factors on youth violence and IPV perpetration. For males, the direct effects of being neglected/physically abused as a child on IPV perpetration are not significant. However, the indirect effects of being neglected/physically abused on IPV perpetration through the presence of youth violence perpetration are significant. For females, the direct effects of being neglected/physically abused on IPV perpetration are significant. The indirect effect of being neglected on IPV perpetration is significant, while the indirect effect of childhood physical abuse is not significant. Childhood sexual abuse is not significantly directly associated with IPV perpetration for females; however, for males, it is the strongest (i.e., largest effect size) direct predictor of IPV perpetration. The indirect effects of childhood sexual abuse on IPV perpetration are not significant for both females and males.


Child maltreatment Intimate partner violence Gender differences Socioeconomic factors 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Center for Injury Prevention and ControlCenters for Disease Control and PreventionAtlantaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Health Policy and Management, College of Public HealthUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA

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