Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 22, Issue 7, pp 609–619

Intimate Partner Violence During Pregnancy and 1-Year Post-Partum



Using data on a nationally representative cohort of pregnant women in US cities, this study examines the prevalence and correlates of interpersonal violence (IPV)—physical, emotional, and coercion-control—during pregnancy and 1 year after birth. Overall, 33% of mothers and 40% of fathers experience some form of IPV during or after pregnancy. Hispanic women and those no longer romantically involved with their children’s fathers were most likely to experience IPV during pregnancy. Less educated women, women who reported that they or their spouses used substances (i.e., alcohol or illicit drugs), and women who reported that their pregnancy was unwanted were at high risk of IPV both during and after their pregnancy. Violence during pregnancy strongly predicted violence after pregnancy. Recent immigrants were among the least likely to leave a violent relationship 1-year post-partum. US-born women who were employed during their pregnancy were among the most likely to leave an abusive relationship 1-year post-partum.


Pregnancy Physical violence Emotional abuse Coercion-control behavior 

Supplementary material

10896_2007_9112_MOESM1_ESM.doc (36 kb)
Appendix A(DOC 35.5 kb)

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Social WorkUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA
  2. 2.Department of Public Policy and Carolina Population CenterUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA

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