Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 22, Issue 7, pp 575–586

Comparing Three Measures of Psychological Aggression: Psychometric Properties and Differentiation from Negative Communication



The authors evaluated the psychometric properties of three measures of psychological aggression: The Conflict Tactics Scales-2nd Version: Psychological Aggression Scale (CTS2-PS), The Multidimensional Measure of Emotional Abuse (MMEA), and The Test of Negative Social Exchange (TENSE). One hundred newlywed couples completed these measures as well as measures of communication, marital satisfaction, physical aggression, and depressive symptoms. Couples also participated in two problem-solving discussions that were later coded for positive and negative affect. Psychological aggression measures were internally consistent at the overall scale level (Cronbach’s αs >0.77), with the exception of the CTS2-PS. The internal consistency coefficients of the MMEA and TENSE subscales were variable. Finally, convergent validity correlations were moderate and divergent validity analyses revealed that the three measures correlated moderately with negative communication pattern measures. Implications for enhancing conceptual models and intervention efforts are discussed.


Psychological aggression Couples Reliability Validity 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of IowaIowaUSA

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