Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 22, Issue 6, pp 465–474 | Cite as

Are Shelter Workers Burned Out?: An Examination of Stress, Social Support, and Coping

  • Lisa M. BakerEmail author
  • Karen M. O’Brien
  • Nazish M. Salahuddin


Job stress, perceived social support, coping self-efficacy, and coping strategies were studied as predictors of emotional exhaustion and reduced personal accomplishment among a sample of 123 female shelter workers. Overall, these workers did not meet the collective criteria for burnout as defined by Maslach and Jackson (1986) and perceived social support and coping strategies did not account for unique variance in the prediction of emotional exhaustion and reduced personal accomplishment. Rather, high levels of time pressure and low levels of self-efficacy for being productive at work were identified as predictors of emotional exhaustion. Personal accomplishment was predicted by time pressure and robust levels of self-efficacy for dealing with stressors at work.


Job stress Social support Coping Burnout Self-efficacy Shelter workers 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lisa M. Baker
    • 1
    Email author
  • Karen M. O’Brien
    • 2
  • Nazish M. Salahuddin
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Psychology (116B)VA New York Harbor Healthcare SystemBrooklynUSA
  2. 2.University of MarylandCollege ParkUSA

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