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Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 21, Issue 4, pp 245–257 | Cite as

Barriers in Screening Women for Domestic Violence: A Survey of Social Workers, Family Practitioners, and Obstetrician–Gynecologists

  • Leslie E. TowerEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

Domestic violence (DV) is a pervasive and serious threat to women's lives and well-being. Medical social workers, family practitioners, and obstetrician–gynecologists are in key positions to screen and offer help. Florida NASW members and board certified family practitioners and obstetrician–gynecologists were mailed a psychometrically tested scale. A total of 388 surveys were analyzed. Education (especially the number of in-service hours) and the presence of institutional supports, decreased barriers to screening, increased screening behaviors, and lead to increased victim identification. Only 20.8% of participants always or nearly always routinely screened for DV; 24.0% reported that routine screening did not apply to their role. Self-Efficacy was the strongest predictor of screening behavior with Fear of Offending, Safety Concerns, CEUs/CMEs, and in-service hours contributing approximately equally to the prediction of screening behavior.

Keywords

Domestic violence Spouse abuse Screening Education Barriers 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The author wishes to thank the following people for their suggestions and support during various stages of this research report: Sharron Singleton, Michael P. Connolly, and Darcy Schiller.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Divisions of Social Work and Public AdministrationEberly College of Arts and Sciences, West Virginia UniversityMorgantownUSA

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