Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 19, Issue 6, pp 379–389 | Cite as

Memory Ability is Associated With Disagreement About the Most Recent Conflict in Polysubstance Abusing Couples

  • Krista Lisdahl Medina
  • John Schafer
  • Paula K. Shear
  • Tisha Gangopadhyay Armstrong


There is strong evidence that men and women do not agree about the occurrence of intimate partner violence (IPV). However, few studies to date have attempted to test explanatory models of violence concordance. One possible mechanism underlying disagreement is cognitive impairment, specifically, memory dysfunction. The principal goal of this study is to test whether memory ability and overall cognitive functioning is related to disagreement about the most recent occurrence of IPV within the dyad. Data were collected from both partners of cohabiting or married couples. The male partners were polysubstance abusers within their first year of abstinence. Results indicate that the men and women’s memory ability, problem solving, disinhibition, and verbal ability are significantly related to disagreement about the most recent IPV episode. Thus, cognitive ability, particularly memory ability, of the participants should be considered when assessing the accuracy of measuring IPV among individuals diagnosed with polysubstance abuse. Other implications are discussed.


memory ability neuropsychology intimate partner violence (IPV) disagreement polysubstance abuse domestic violence 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Krista Lisdahl Medina
    • 1
    • 2
  • John Schafer
    • 1
  • Paula K. Shear
    • 1
  • Tisha Gangopadhyay Armstrong
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of CincinnatiCincinnati
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of CincinnatiCincinnati

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