Synthesis of Novel Blue and Green Light Emitting 4-Nitrophenol Luminophors for Optoelectronics

  • K. G. ManeEmail author
  • P. B. Nagore
  • S. R. Pujari


The number of anthracene (AN) and anthracene-tetracene (AN-TN) doped 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) luminophors (AN/4-NP and AN-TN/4-NP) were prepared at different proportion by conventional technique called solid state reaction. Excitation energy transfer was observed by fluorescence spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry. 4-NP acts as an outstanding light emitting matrix. The effect of the donor emission was perceived by changing the dopant concentration; this showed that AN/4-NP and TN-AN/4-NP exhibit fluorescence emission ranging from blue to green i.e. in the range from 400 to 525 nm and 535–550 nm, respectively. Structural properties and thermal stability was studied by XRD, SEM and TGA-DSC techniques. The study reveals that the prepared materials show excellent properties which can meet the demands of optoelectronic devices as well as for light emitting devices.


Excitation energy transfer Light emitting devices Blue and green emission Doped materials 



The authors are thankful to Sophisticated Analytical Instrumentation Facility center, Indian Institute of Technology, Madras and to the Instrumentation Centre, Solapur University, Solapur, Maharashtra-India.

The authors also express special thanks to Dr. D. S. Sutrave and Mr. Sangam Gaikwad of Electronic Department of D.B.F. Dayanand College of Arts and Science, Solapur, Maharashtra – India.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


  1. 1.
    Powell RC, Kepler RG (1969) Evidence for long-range Exciton-impurity interaction in Tetracene-doped anthracene crystals. Phys Rev Lett 22:636CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Davies MJ, Jones AC, Williams JO, Munn RW (1983) Phonon-assisted energy transfer in the mixed molecular crystal p-terphenyl/tetracene. J Phys Chem 87:541CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Huppert D, Rojansky D (1985) Picosecond study of electronic energy transfer in tetracene-doped anthracene crystals. Chem Phys Lett 114:149CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Fujino T, Fujima T, Tahara T (2005) Femtosecond fluorescence dynamics imaging using a fluorescence up-conversion microscope. J Phys Chem B 109:15327CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gierschner J, Egelhaaf H-J, Oelkrug D, Müllen K (1998) Electronic deactivation and energy transfer in doped oligophenylenevinylene nanoparticles. J Fluoresc 8:37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Jadhav SA, Pujari SR, Patil SR (2000) Photophysics of exciplex emission of crystalline biphenyl doped by pyrene. Ind J of pure & Appl Phys 38:43Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Pujari SR, Jadhav SA, Patil SR (2001) Tuning of wavelength of exciplex emission of pyrene and perylene in fluorene matrix. Ind J of Chem 40A:933Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Mane KG, Nagore PB, Pujari SR (2019) Synthesis, Photophysical, electrochemical and thermal study of biphenyl Luminophors: green light emitting materials. J fluoresce 29:177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Mane KG, Nagore PB, Pujari SR (2018) Synthesis, Photophysical, electrochemical and thermal investigation of anthracene doped 2-Naphthol Luminophors and their thin films for optoelectronic devices. J Fluoresc 28:1023CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Mane KG, Nagore PB, Pujari SR Synthesis of highly fluorescent D-A based p-TerphenylLuminophorsand their thin films for optoelectronic applications. J Fluore. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Mane KG, Nagore PB, Pujari SR (2017) Green light emitting tricomponentluminophors of 2-naphthol for construction of organic light emitting. International Journal of Research Publications in Engineering and Technology 8:38Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Leung LM, Lo WT, So SK et al (2000) A high-efficiency blue emitter for small molecule-based organic light-emitting diode. J Am Chem Soc 122:5640CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Baldo MA, Soos ZG, Forrests R (2001) Local order in amorphous organic molecular thin films. Chem Phys Lett 347:297CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Yoshikawa H, Sasaki K, Masuhara H (2000) Picosecond near-field microspectroscopic study of a single anthracene microcrystal in evaporated anthracene−Tetracene film: inhomogeneous inner structure and growth mechanism. J Phys Chem B 104:3429CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Sathyamoorthy R & Dheepa (2007) “Structural characterization of thermally evaporated Bi2Te3 thin films”, J Phys Chem Sol, 68: 111Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kalbende PP, Tasare MV and Zade AB (2013) Preparation, characterization, and thermal degradation studies of p-nitrophenol-based copolymer, J. of Chemistry, Article ID 846327, 9 pagesGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Wu C, Djurovich P. I. and Thompson M. E. (2009) “Study of energy transfer and triplet Exciton diffusion in hole-transporting host materials”, Adv Func Mater 19: 3157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Chiu KY, Su TX, Li JH, Lin T-H, Liou GS, Cheng S-H (2005) Novel trends of electrochemical oxidation of amino-substituted triphenylamine derivatives. J Electroanal Chem 575:95CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Doshi Vakil Arts & G.C.U.B. Sci. & Comm. CollegeGoregaonIndia
  2. 2.D.B.F.Dayanand Arts and Science CollegeSolapurIndia

Personalised recommendations