Photoluminescence Properties of Dy3+ Activated CaWO4 Nanophosphors: a Potential Single Phase near White Light Emitter

  • Takhe Yaba
  • Ranjoy Wangkhem
  • N. Shanta SinghEmail author


A multicolor tunable CaWO4:xDy3+ nanophosphors have been synthesized via hydrothermal route. X-Ray Diffraction and Fourier transform infrared confirm the formation of CaWO4:Dy3+ nanophosphors. Transmission electron microscopy image and selected area electron diffraction (SAED) reveal the formation of nanosize and crystalline CaWO4:Dy3+. Dependence of energy transfer rate from WO42− to the activator (Dy3+) is observed from the photoluminescence studies. An enhancement of energy transfer efficiency from 36% to 90% is observed after annealing the as-prepared samples at 800 °C. The exchange type energy transfer mechanism is observed to be dominant in as-prepared samples while the electric dipole-dipole interaction is dominant in annealed samples. Variation in energy transfer rate from the host to Dy3+ activator ions leads to the tuning of color emission from this nanophosphor. A near white light emission could be achieved with 6 at.% Dy3+ doped CaWO4 annealed at 800 °C with x = 0.310 and y = 0.327.


Luminescence Energy transfer Color tunable White light emission 



Authors thank Science & Engineering Research Board (DST), New Delhi, for financial support (EMR Project No. EMR/2014/001211). T. Yaba thanks UGC, New Delhi for financial support. Authors thank SAIF, NEHU, Shillong for TEM facility.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsNagaland UniversityLumamiIndia

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