Journal of Fluorescence

, Volume 28, Issue 6, pp 1325–1332 | Cite as

Monitoring the Instant Creation of a New Fluorescent Signal for Evaluation of DNA Conformation Based on Intercalation Complex

  • Ahmet T. Uzumcu
  • Orhan GuneyEmail author
  • Oguz OkayEmail author
Original Article


Here we report the monitoring the instant creation of a new fluorescent signal (FS) aroused from a positively charged water-soluble fluorogenic probe, ethidium bromide (EtBr) in the presence of a radical initiator, ammonium persulfate (APS) and an accelerator, tetraethylmetilendiamine (TEMED) for evaluation of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) conformation. The results revealed that the occurred FS (λex = 430 nm; λmax = 525 nm) is a reduced form of EtBr (λex = 480 nm; λmax = 617 nm) and it is completely distinct from hydroethidine (λex = 350 nm; λmax = 430 nm), which is two-electron reduced form of EtBr. It was noticed that EtBr was reduced to a new FS during the polymerization of N, N dimethyacrylamide (DMAA) too, at 25 °C in the presence of APS and TEMED or at 55 °C with only APS, and the rate of formation of FS was increased upon treatment time. The effect of nanoclays such as Laponite XLG® and Laponite XLS®, which provide a protective environment for DNA in nature, were also investigated through the reduction process of EtBr in the absence and presence of a water soluble monomer DMAA. We demonstrated that DNA conformation might be evaluated by monitoring FS effectuated during the reduction of EtBr in the presence of nanoclays having positively and negatively charged surfaces. Protective property of DNA against the formation of reduced product was elucidated by carrying out the polymerization at 55 °C. The results revealed that the monitoring of formation of FS in the presence of radical initiator could lead to elucidate the conformation of DNA upon formation of intercalator complex.


EtBr DNA conformation Intercalation complex Nanoclay 



This work was supported by Istanbul Technical University (ITU), BAP 39773. O.O. thanks to Turkish Academy of Sciences (TUBA) for the partial support.

Supplementary material

10895_2018_2294_MOESM1_ESM.docx (851 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 850 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departments of Chemistry and Polymer Science & TechnologyIstanbul Technical UniversityIstanbulTurkey

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