Journal of Fluorescence

, Volume 28, Issue 3, pp 809–814 | Cite as

A Rhodamine Derivative Based Chemosensor with High Selectivity and Quick Respond to Cr3+ in Aqueous Solution

  • Zhenglong Yang
  • Sai Chen
  • Feng LiEmail author
  • Yilong Bu
  • Yuchuan Du
  • Peiting Zhou
  • Zhihao Cheng


In this paper, a new kind of colorimetric chemsensor aiming at detecting Cr3+ has been synthesized, and it is based on the “Off-On” effect of a rhodamine derivative. Comparing with other metal irons (Na+, K+, Ni2+, Hg2+, Fe3+, Mn2+, Co2+, Cd2+, Cu2+, Pb2+, Zn2+, Mg2+, Ba2+, Ag+, Fe2+, Ce3+), the chemsensor has a quick and accurate response to Cr3+ in H2O-EtOH solution (4/1, v/v). There is an obvious change in color, from colorless to bright pink when Cr3+ is detected. According to the fitting curve based on Benesi-Hildebrand equation and working curve of absorption strength in UV-vis spectrum, the binding pattern of Cr3+ and the rhodamine derivative follows a 1:1 stoichiometry. The chemsensor shows great potential in monitoring Cr3+ in the aqueous medium with high efficiency, which is supposed to complete the recognition in the minimum as 5.2 × 10−7 mol/L within 5 min.


Rhodamine derivative Cr3+ detection Colorimetric chemosensor Aqueous solution 



This study was funded by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51622805 and U1633116) and the opening fund for the subject of Transportation Engineering in Tongji University (2016 J012306). The authors are grateful to these financial supports.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


  1. 1.
    Serife S, Senol K, Yakup Y et al (2012) A new chelating resin: synthesis, characterization and application for speiation of chromium (III)/(VI) speies. Chem Eng J 181:746–753Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Periyasamy P, Girish C, Anitha K et al (2013) Potential of novel bacterial consortium for the remediation of chromium contamination. Water Air Soil Pollut 224:1716CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zhang P, Gong JL, Zeng GM, Deng CH, Yang HC, Liu HY, Huan SY (2017) Cross-linking to prepare composite graphene oxde-framework membranes with high-flux for dyes and heavy metal ions removal. Chem Eng J 322:657–666CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gupta VK, Jain AK, Kumar PK et al (2006) Chromium(III)-selective sensor based on tri-o-thymotide in PVC matrix. Sensors Actuators B Chem 113(1):182–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Anamika D, Nikhil G, Kar SK (2015) A novel Cr3+ fluorescence turn-on probe based on rhodamine and isatin framework. J Fluoresc 25(6):1921–1929CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Aruna JW, Agozie NO, Fasi AA, Andre RV, Ekkehard S (2016) Rhodamine based turn-on sensors for Ni2+ and Cr3+ in organic media: detecting CN via the metal displacement approach. J Fluoresc 28(3):891–898Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Eastmond DA, MacGregor JT, Slesinski RS (2008) Trivalent chromium: assessing the genotoxic risk of an essential trace element and widely used human and animal nutritional supplement. Crit Rev Toxicol 38:173–190CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Salimi A, Pourbahram B, Mansouri-Majd S, Hallaj R (2015) Manganese oxide nanoflakes/multi-walled carbon nanotubes/chitosan nanocomposite modified glassy carbon electrode as a novel electrochemical sensor for chromium(III) detection. Electrochim Acta 156:207–215CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zhao YG, Shen HY, Pan SD, Hu MQ, Xia QH (2010) Preparation and characterization of amino-functionalized nano Fe3O4 magnetic polymer adsorbents for removal of chromium(VI) ions. J Mater Sci 45(19):5291–5301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Chen M, Cai HH, Yang F, Lin D, Yang PH, Cai J (2014) Highly sensitive detection of chromium(III) ions by resonance Rayleigh scattering enhanced by gold nanoparticles. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 118:776–781CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Wang XK, Wei YQ, Wang SS et al (2015) Red-to-blue colorimetric detection of chromium via Cr(III)-citrate chelating based on tween 20-stabilized gold nanoparticles. Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp 472:57–62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Chen HQ, Wu Y, Zhang YY et al (2014) Determination of chromium(III) in aqueous solution using CePO4: Tb3+ nanocrystals in a fluorescence resonance energy transfer system. Luminescence 29:642–648CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bothra S, Kumar R, Sahoo SK (2017) Pyridoxal conjugated gold nanoparticles for distinct colorimetic detection of chromium(III) and iodide ions in biological and environmental fluids. New J Chem 41(15):7339–7346CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Zheng H, Z H Qian LX et al (2006) Switching the recognition preference of rhodamine B spirolactam by replacing one atom: design of rhodamine B thiohydrazide for recognition of Hg(II) in aqueous solution. Org Lett 8(5):859–561CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Huang W, Song CX, He C et al (2009) Recognition preference of rhodamine-thiospirolactams for mercury(II) in aqueous solution. Inorg Chem 48(12):5061–5072CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Obukhova E, Mchedlov P, Vodolazkaya N, Patsenker L (2017) Absorption, fluorescence, and acid-base equilibria of rhodamines in micellar media of sodium dodecyl sulfate. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 170:138–144CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Gong YJ, Zhang XB, Mao GJ, Su L, Meng HM, Tan W, Feng S, Zhang G (2016) A unique approach toward near-infrared fluorescent probes for bioimaging with remarkably enhanced contrast. Chem Sci 7(3):2275–2285CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    J S Wu, I C Hwang, K S Kim, et al. Rhodamine-based Hg2+-selective chemodosimeter in aqueous solution: fluorescent off-on. Org Lett, 2007, 9(5), 907–910Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Shi DJ, Ni M, Zeng JF et al (2015) Simulataneous detection and removal of metal ionsbased on a chemosensor composed of a rhodamine derivative and cyclodextrin-modified magnetic nanoparticles. J Mater Sci 50(1):168–175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Tang JL, Li CY, Li YF, Lu X, Qi HR (2015) A highly sensitive and selective fluorescent probe for trivalent aluminum ion based on rhodamine derivative in living cells. Anal Chim Acta 888:155–161CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Min W, Di Z, Man L, Min F, Yong Y, Yu-fen Z (2013) A rhodamine-cyclen conjugate as chrmogenic and fluorescent chemosensor for copper ion in aqueous media. J Fluoresc 23(3):417–423CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Perumal S, Karuppannan S, Gandhi S, Subramanian S (2017) Rhodamine diaminomaleonitrile conjugate as a novel colorimetric fluorescent sensor for recognition of Cd2+ ion. J Fluoresc 27(3):1109–1115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Anindita S, Swapnadip R, Kakali H, Soma S, SujitS P (2013) Rhodamine-based Cu2+ −selective fluorosensor: synthesis, mechanism, and application in living cells. J Fluoresc 23(3):495–501CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Hu XQ, Chai J, Liu YF et al (2016) Probing chromium(III) from chromium(VI) in cells by a fluorescent sensor. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 153:505–509CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Sun DQ, Sun GQ, Zhu XY, Ye FY, Xu JY (2018) Intrinsic temperature sensitive self-healing character of asphalt binders based on molecular dynamics simulations. Fuel 211(1):609–620CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Sun DQ, Lu T, Xiao FP, Zhu XY, Sun GQ (2017) Formulation and aging resistance of modified bio-asphalt containing high percentage of waste cooking oil residues. J Clean Prod 161:1203–1214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Bao XF, Cao QS, Nie XM et al (2015) Design and synthesis of a novel chromium(III) selective fluorescent chemosensor bearing a thiodiacetamide moiety and two rhodamine B fluorophores. Sensors Actuators B Chem 221:930–939CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Zayed AM, Terry N (2003) Chromium in the environment: factors affecting biological remediation. Plant Soil 249:139–156CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhenglong Yang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sai Chen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Feng Li
    • 3
    Email author
  • Yilong Bu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yuchuan Du
    • 1
  • Peiting Zhou
    • 4
  • Zhihao Cheng
    • 4
  1. 1.College of Transportation Engineering, Key Laboratory of Road and Traffic Engineering of Ministry of EducationTongji UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.School of Materials Science and Engineering, Key Laboratory of Advanced Civil Engineering Materials of Ministry of EducationTongji UniversityShanghaiChina
  3. 3.School of Transportation Science and EngineeringBeihang UniversityBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.Broadvision Engineering ConsultantsNational Engineering Laboratory for Land Transport Meteorological Disaster Control TechnologyKunmingChina

Personalised recommendations