Strong Photoluminescence Enhancement from Colloidal Quantum Dot Near Silver Nano-Island Films
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We present the fabrication and optical investigation of highly random self-assembled, nano-scale films, probing their influence on the luminescence properties of near surface CdSe/ZnS colloidal quantum dots. When compared to quantum dots distributed on unstructured quartz substrates, the average luminescence intensity is found to be enhanced by a factor of 160×. The silver nanoparticles are prepared using slow thermal evaporation on quartz substrates and post-deposition annealing to produce a randomly-arranged layer of smooth nano-islands. Clear polarization dependent hot spots are observed. Such hot spots deliver a maximal enhancement of the emission intensity of 240× and have a spatial density of (0.050±0.002) μm − 2. The results show that silver nano-island films strongly enhance the optical efficiency of near quantum dots emitters.
KeywordsQuantum dots Silver nano-islands Self-assembled films Plasmonic hot spots Surface sensing
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