Comparative Studies of Diphenyl-Diketo-Pyrrolopyrrole Derivatives for Electroluminescence Applications
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Four different derivatives of diphenyl-diketo-pyrrolopyrrole (DPP) with alkyl side groups were synthesized to increase their solubility. Quantum chemical calculations revealed that the substitution influenced molecular geometry and subsequently modified absorption and photoluminescence spectra. The theoretical results were confirmed by experimental characterization. With increasing phenyl torsion the vibrational structure was less pronounced and larger Stokes shift was observed. Simultaneously, the molar absorption coefficient decreased as the deformation increased. On the other hand, the measured fluorescence quantum yields were modified only slightly. This indicates the possibility to prepare soluble derivatives without loss of quantum yields and to use these materials for construction of efficient and stable electroluminescent devices. Furthermore, the electroluminescence of the thin layer devices based on the soluble low molecular DPPs were characterized and discussed.
KeywordsDiphenyl-diketo-pyrrolopyrrole Organic light emitting diodes OLED Organic electronics Electroluminescence
The research was supported by the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Czech Republic via Tandem project No. FT-TA3/048 and by the Grant Agency of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic via project A401770601.
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