Why Compact Tori for Fusion?
- 102 Downloads
A compact torus (CT) has a toroidal magnetic and plasma geometry, but is contained within a simply-connected vacuum vessel such as a cylinder. Spheromaks and field-reversed configurations fall into this category. Compact tori are translatable and have a high engineering beta. The primary benefit of CTs for fusion is the absence of toroidal field and Ohmic Heating coils and the many problems brought on by them. Studying fusion-relevant plasma in simply-connected geometries affords the world fusion program both physics and technology opportunities not found in other configurations. This paper outlines the technology and physics opportunities of compact tori, and presents a cost model based on geometry for comparison with less compact configurations.
KeywordsCompact tori Spheromak Field reversed configuration
We acknowledge John Sheffield, and Farokh Najmabadi for outlining the starting point for the discussion of cost and to Ron Miller for indicating where it might go. Thanks also to Charlie Baker for encouraging this line of thinking. Work by E. B. Hooper was performed under the auspices of the US Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under contract DE-AC52-07NA27344. S. Woodruff performed this work while supported by Department of Energy under subcontract numbers DE-FG02-06ER84449 and DE-FG02-07ER84924.
- 1.FESAC TAP report David Hill (Chair), Rich Hazeltine (Vice Chair) http://fusion.gat.com/tap/final_report.php/
- 2.BPO ReNeW report Rich Hazeltine (Chair). David Hill (Vice Chair) http://burningplasma.org/web/renew.html
- 3.E.B. Hooper et al., ‘The Compact Torus: Spheromaks and FRCs’ white paper in preparation for this JournalGoogle Scholar
- 4.J. Sheffield, Private communication with corresponding author, June 2009Google Scholar
- 5.F. Najmabadi, Private communication with corresponding author August 2009Google Scholar
- 6.R. Stambaugh, ‘Overview of the Fusion Development Facility’ presentation given at the 2–4 March ‘Harnessing Fusion Power’ workshop, UCLA available at http://www.fusion.ucla.edu/FNST/Renew_Presentations/
- 7.R.A. Krakowski, ‘Simplified Fusion Power Plant Costing: A General Prognosis and Call for “New Think”’ Fusion Technology, March 1995, Volume 27Google Scholar
- 8.P.M. Bellan, Phys. Plasmas 9, 3050 (2002)Google Scholar
- 10.W.M. Nevins, A review of confinement requirements for advanced fuels. J. Fusion Energ. 17(1), (1998)Google Scholar