Journal of Fusion Energy

, Volume 29, Issue 1, pp 94–99 | Cite as

Pinch Current and Soft X-Ray Yield Limitations by Numerical Experiments on Nitrogen Plasma Focus

  • M. AkelEmail author
  • Sh. Al-Hawat
  • S. Lee
Original Paper


The modified version of the Lee model code RADPF5-15a is used to run numerical experiments with nitrogen gas, for optimizing the nitrogen soft X-ray yield on PF-SY1. The static inductance L 0 of the capacitor bank is progressively reduced to assess the effect on pinch current I pinch. The experiments confirm the I pinch, limitation effect in plasma focus, where there is an optimum L 0 below which although the peak total current, I peak, continues to increase progressively with progressively reduced inductance L 0, the I pinch and consequently the soft X-ray yield, Ysxr, of that plasma focus would not increase, but instead decreases. For the PF-SY1 with capacitance of 25 μF, the optimum L 0 = 5 nH, at which I pinch = 254 kA, Ysxr = 5 J; reducing L 0 further increases neither I pinch nor nitrogen Ysxr. The obtained results indicate that reducing the present L 0 of the PF-SY1 device will increase the nitrogen soft X-ray yield.


Plasma focus SY1 Pinch current limitation Soft X-ray Nitrogen gas Lee model RADPF5.15a 



The authors would like to thank Director General of AECS, for encouragement and permanent support. One of authors (Dr. Mohamad Akel) would also like to express thanks to Mrs. Sheren Isamael, who collaborated with me going through with all the numerical experiments using Lee Model.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsAtomic Energy CommissionDamascusSyria
  2. 2.Institute for Plasma Focus StudiesChadstoneAustralia
  3. 3.Nanyang Technological University, National Institute of EducationSingaporeSingapore
  4. 4.INTI University CollegeNilaiMalaysia

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