The Journal of Ethics

, Volume 20, Issue 4, pp 373–383

Abortion, Property, and Liberty

Article

Abstract

In “Abortion and Ownership” John Martin Fischer argues that in Judith Jarvis Thomson’s violinist case you have a moral obligation not to unplug yourself from the violinist. Fischer comes to this conclusion by comparing the case with Joel Feinberg’s cabin case, in which he contends a stranger is justified in using your cabin to stay alive. I argue that the relevant difference between these cases is that while the stranger’s right to life trumps your right to property in the cabin case, the violinist’s right to life does not trump your right to liberty in the violinist case.

Keywords

Abortion Cabin case Moral responsibility Moral luck Rape Restitution Rights Violinist case 

References

  1. Alward, Peter. 2012. Abortion rights and paternal obligations. Public Affairs Quarterly 26(1): 273–291.Google Scholar
  2. Devine, Philop. 1978. The ethics of homicide. Ithaca: Cornell.Google Scholar
  3. Engelhardt, H. Tristram. 1974. The ontology of abortion. Ethics 84(3): 217–234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Feinberg, Joel. 1978. Voluntary euthanasia and the inalienable right to life. Philosophy & Public Affairs 7: 93–123.Google Scholar
  5. Feinberg, Joel. 1986. Abortion. In Matters of life and death: new introductory essays in moral philosophy, ed. Tom Regan, 256–293. New York: Random House.Google Scholar
  6. Fischer, John Martin. 1991. Abortion and self-determination. Journal of Social Philosophy 22: 5–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Fischer, John Martin. 1994. The metaphysics of free will. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  8. Fischer, John Martin. 2013. Abortion and ownership. Journal of Ethics: An International Philosophical Review 17(4): 275–304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Fischer, John Martin, and Mark Ravizza. 1998. Responsibility and control. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Fischer, John Martin, and Neal A. Tognazzini. 2010. Blame and avoidability: a reply to Otsuka. The Journal of Ethics 14(1): 43–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Frankfurt, Harry G. 1969. Alternate Possibilities and Moral Responsibility. The Journal of Philosophy 66(23): 829–839.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Frankfurt, Harry G. 2006. Some thoughts concerning PAP. In Moral responsibility and alternative possibilities essays on the importance of alternative possibilities, ed. Widerker, David and McKenna, Michael, 339–345. Ashgate.Google Scholar
  13. Kane, Robert. 1996. The significance of free will. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Marquis, Don. 1989. Why abortion is immoral. Journal of Philosophy 86(4): 183–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Nagel, Thomas. 1976. Moral luck. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 50: 137–151.Google Scholar
  16. Noonan, John T., Jr. 1970. An almost absolute value in history. In The morality of abortion: legal and historical perspectives, ed. John T. Noonan, Jr., 51–59. Cambridge: Harvard.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Otsuka, Michael. 1998. Incompatibilism and the avoidability of blame. Ethics 108(4): 685–701.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Otsuka, Michael. 2010. A rejoinder to Fischer and Tognazzini. The Journal of Ethics 14(1): 37–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Simkulet, William. 2014. In control. Philosophical Inquires 2(1): 59–75.Google Scholar
  20. Simkulet, William. 2015. The compensation principle. Filosofiska Notiseri 2(1): 47–60.Google Scholar
  21. Sumner, L.W. 1981. Abortion and moral theory. Princeton: University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Tooley, Michael. 1972. Abortion and infanticide. Philosophy & Public Affairs 2(1): 37–65.Google Scholar
  23. Thomson, Judith Jarvis. 1972. A defense of abortion. Philosophy & Public Affairs 1(1): 47–66.Google Scholar
  24. Thomson, Judith Jarvis. 1980. Rights and compensation. Noûs 14: 3–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Warren, Mary Anne. 1973. On the moral and legal status of abortion. The Monist 57(4): 43–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Widerker, David. 1995. Libertarianism and Frankfurt’s attack on the principle of alternative possibilities. Philosophical Review 104: 247–261.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Wirt, William. 1836. Sketches of the life and character of Patrick Henry. Philadelphia: Desilver, Thomas & co. Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cleveland State UniversityClevelandUSA

Personalised recommendations