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Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 42, Issue 10, pp 1004–1015 | Cite as

Volatiles of Solena amplexicaulis (Lam.) Gandhi Leaves Influencing Attraction of Two Generalist Insect Herbivores

  • Nupur Sarkar
  • Amarnath Karmakar
  • Anandamay Barik
Article

Abstract

Epilachna vigintioctopunctata Fabr. (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) and Aulacophora foveicollis Lucas (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) are important pests of Solena amplexicaulis (Lam.) Gandhi (Cucurbitaceae), commonly known as creeping cucumber. The profiles of volatile organic compounds from undamaged plants, plants after 48 hr continuous feeding of adult females of either E. vigintioctopunctata or A. foveicollis, by adults of both species, and after mechanical damaging were identified and quantified by GC-MS and GC-FID analyses. Thirty two compounds were detected in volatiles of all treatments. In all plants, methyl jasmonate was the major compound. In Y-shaped glass tube olfactometer bioassays under laboratory conditions, both insect species showed a significant preference for complete volatile blends from insect damaged plants, compared to those of undamaged plants. Neither E. vigintioctopunctata nor A. foveicollis showed any preference for volatiles released by heterospecifically damaged plants vs. conspecifically damaged plants or plants attacked by both species. Epilachna vigintioctopunctata and A. foveicollis showed attraction to three different synthetic compounds, linalool oxide, nonanal, and E-2-nonenal in proportions present in volatiles of insect damaged plants. Both species were attracted by a synthetic blend of 1.64 μg linalool oxide + 3.86 μg nonanal + 2.23 μg E-2-nonenal, dissolved in 20 μl methylene chloride. This combination might be used as trapping tools in pest management strategies.

Keywords

Solena amplexicaulis Volatiles Coleoptera Coccinellidae Epilachna vigintioctopunctata Chrysomelidae Aulacophora foveicollis olfactometer bioassay 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Prof. Wittko Francke and two anonymous reviewers for helpful suggestions on an earlier version of the manuscript. We are thankful to Dr. Poorani Janakiraman, National Bureau of Agriculturally Important Insects (formerly PDBC), Karnataka, India for identifying the insects. Financial assistance from West Bengal Department of Science and Technology (WB-DST) [Sanction No. 889 (Sanc.)/ST/P/S&T/2G-6/2013], India is gratefully acknowledged.

Supplementary material

10886_2016_757_MOESM1_ESM.docx (239 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 239 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nupur Sarkar
    • 1
  • Amarnath Karmakar
    • 1
  • Anandamay Barik
    • 1
  1. 1.Ecology Research Laboratory, Department of ZoologyThe University of BurdwanBurdwanIndia

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