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Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 40, Issue 7, pp 657–675 | Cite as

Jasmonate-Triggered Plant Immunity

  • Marcelo L. Campos
  • Jin-Ho Kang
  • Gregg A. Howe
Review Article

Abstract

The plant hormone jasmonate (JA) exerts direct control over the production of chemical defense compounds that confer resistance to a remarkable spectrum of plant-associated organisms, ranging from microbial pathogens to vertebrate herbivores. The underlying mechanism of JA-triggered immunity (JATI) can be conceptualized as a multi-stage signal transduction cascade involving: i) pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) that couple the perception of danger signals to rapid synthesis of bioactive JA; ii) an evolutionarily conserved JA signaling module that links fluctuating JA levels to changes in the abundance of transcriptional repressor proteins; and iii) activation (de-repression) of transcription factors that orchestrate the expression of myriad chemical and morphological defense traits. Multiple negative feedback loops act in concert to restrain the duration and amplitude of defense responses, presumably to mitigate potential fitness costs of JATI. The convergence of diverse plant- and non-plant-derived signals on the core JA module indicates that JATI is a general response to perceived danger. However, the modular structure of JATI may accommodate attacker-specific defense responses through evolutionary innovation of PRRs (inputs) and defense traits (outputs). The efficacy of JATI as a defense strategy is highlighted by its capacity to shape natural populations of plant attackers, as well as the propensity of plant-associated organisms to subvert or otherwise manipulate JA signaling. As both a cellular hub for integrating informational cues from the environment and a common target of pathogen effectors, the core JA module provides a focal point for understanding immune system networks and the evolution of chemical diversity in the plant kingdom.

Keywords

Plant immunity Hormone signaling Effector Jasmonate Alternative splicing Plant-herbivore interactions Plant-pathogen interactions Salicylic acid 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Marlene Cameron for assistance with figure graphics and the MSU Diagnostic Lab for diagnosis of Pythium-mediated root rot disease on jai1 tomato plants. This work was supported in part by the National Institutes of Health (grant no. GM57795), the Chemical Sciences, Geosciences and Biosciences Division, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Office of Science, US Department of Energy (grant no. DE–FG02–91ER20021), and a College of Natural Science Dissertation Continuation Fellowship to M.C.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcelo L. Campos
    • 1
  • Jin-Ho Kang
    • 1
    • 3
  • Gregg A. Howe
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Energy-Plant Research LaboratoryMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA
  2. 2.Department of Biochemistry and Molecular BiologyMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA
  3. 3.Department of Plant Science, Plant Genomics and Breeding Institute, and Research Institute for Agriculture and Life Sciences, College of Agricultural SciencesSeoul National UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea

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