Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 40, Issue 6, pp 519–520 | Cite as

Defining Attraction and Aggregation Pheromones: Teleological Versus Functional Perspectives

  • Ring T. Cardé
Commentary: Reflections on 40 Years

In 1972, three years before the founding of the Journal of Chemical Ecology, John Kennedy in his plenary address to the International Congress of Entomology in Canberra, Australia, offered a challenge to those working with insect attractants—he contended that the “one thing attractants have not been shown to do is attract.” Rather, he pointed out that when the odor source was meters or more distant, attractants induce upwind flying or walking along the odor plume, thereby navigating to the odor source. At that time I was midway through my “tenure” as a postdoc with Wendell Roelofs at the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva and Kennedy’s pronouncement caused me to revaluate how I’d thought about the behaviors evoked by moth pheromones. Not long thereafter, this debate was kindled with the publication of Harry Shorey’s wind-tunnel studies at Riverside, showing that male pink bollworm moths could fly upwind in still air along a wind-formed pheromone plume, and that...


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EntomologyUniversity of California, RiversideRiversideUSA

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