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Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 36, Issue 6, pp 592–598 | Cite as

Male and Female Noctuid Moths Attracted to Synthetic Lures in Europe

  • Miklós TóthEmail author
  • István Szarukán
  • Béla Dorogi
  • Attila Gulyás
  • Pál Nagy
  • Zoltán Rozgonyi
Article

Abstract

In field tests in Europe, traps baited with a blend of isoamyl alcohol, acetic acid, and isobutanol (compounds previously found attractive to a number of noctuids in North America) caught the following noctuid moths: Agrotis segetum Schiff., Agrotis crassa Hbn., Agrotis exclamationis L., Amathes (Xestia) c-nigrum L., Apatele rumicis L., Amphipyra pyramidea L., Dipterygia scabriuscula L., Discestra trifolii Hfn., Euxoa aquilina Schiff., Euclidia glyphica L., Mamestra brassicae L., Mamestra oleracea L., Mamestra suasa Schiff., Mythimna albipuncta Den. & Schiff., Mythimna l-album L., Noctua pronuba L., and Trachea atriplicis L. A substantial percentage of the catch of each species of moths was females. The presence of isobutanol in the mixture was important for catching A. rumicis, D. trifolii, and E. glyphica. The addition of 3-methyl-1-pentanol to the ternary mixture did not increase trap captures of any of the moths. Traps baited with the floral attractant phenylacetaldehyde alone caught several species of noctuid moths. However, when phenylacetaldehyde was added to the isoamyl-alcohol ternary blend, no increases in catches of any of the species, relative to the ternary blend or phenyacetaldehyde alone, were observed, with catches of most species being depressed. Comparing the noctuid species attracted to the phenylacetaldehyde- and isoamyl alcohol-based lures showed that phenylacetaldehyde attracted predominantly Plusiinae and Melicleptriinae spp., while isoamyl alcohol-based lures attracted species mostly from the Noctuinae or Hadeninae subfamilies.

Keywords

Female attractant Isoamyl alcohol Isobutanol Acetic acid Phenylacetaldehyde Lepidoptera Noctuidae 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The present research was partially supported by grant NKFP 4/012/2004 OM of the Hungarian Ministry of Education and OTKA grant K 81494. Thanks are due to G Szöcs and Zs. Kárpati for useful discussions and technical assistance in the initial phases of this project.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Miklós Tóth
    • 1
    Email author
  • István Szarukán
    • 2
  • Béla Dorogi
    • 2
  • Attila Gulyás
    • 2
  • Pál Nagy
    • 2
    • 3
  • Zoltán Rozgonyi
    • 2
  1. 1.Plant Protection Institute, HASBudapestHungary
  2. 2.Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Plant ProtectionUniversity of DebrecenDebrecenHungary
  3. 3.AgárdHungary

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