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Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 36, Issue 2, pp 192–199 | Cite as

Herbivore- and Elicitor-Induced Resistance in Rice to the Rice Water Weevil (Lissorhoptrus oryzophilus Kuschel) in the Laboratory and Field

  • Jason C. Hamm
  • Michael J. Stout
  • Rita M. Riggio
Article

Abstract

Feeding by herbivores can change plants in ways that make them more resistant to subsequent herbivory. Such induced responses are better-studied in a number of model dicots than in rice and other cereals. In a series of greenhouse and field experiments, we assessed the effects of prior herbivory by the fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith) and of exogenous applications of jasmonic acid (JA) on the resistance of rice plants to the rice water weevil, Lissorhoptrus oryzophilus (Kuschel), the major pest of rice in the United States. Prior feeding by S. frugiperda and treatment of plants with exogenous JA resulted in increases in the resistance of plants to the weevil. Increases in resistance were manifested as reduced numbers of eggs and first-instars associated with armyworm-injured or JA-treated plants relative to control plants. In field experiments, there was a transient but significant reduction in the number of immature L. oryzophilus on JA-treated plants relative to untreated plants. To our knowledge, this is the first example of direct induced resistance in rice demonstrated in small-plot field experiments. We discuss the potential for the use of elicitor induced resistance in rice.

Keywords

Jasmonic acid Induced resistance Elicitors Oryza sativa Lissorhoptrus oryzophilus Spodoptera frugiperda 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank Marty Frey for assistance with field work and Drs. Gregg Henderson, Fangneng Huang, Natalie Hummel, Gene Reagan, and Richard Story for valuable comments and suggestions on the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jason C. Hamm
    • 1
  • Michael J. Stout
    • 1
  • Rita M. Riggio
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EntomologyLouisiana State University Agricultural CenterBaton RougeUSA

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