Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 35, Issue 6, pp 635–642 | Cite as

Antitermitic Activities of Abietane-type Diterpenes from Taxodium distichum Cones

  • Norihisa KusumotoEmail author
  • Tatsuya Ashitani
  • Yuichi Hayasaka
  • Tetsuya Murayama
  • Koichi Ogiyama
  • Koetsu Takahashi


Eight known abietane-type diterpenes were isolated from the weak acidic fraction of the n-hexane extract from cones of Taxodium distichum, one of the extant, living fossil conifers. They were identified as 6,7-dehydroroyleanone (1), taxodal (2), taxodione (3), salvinolone (4), 14-deoxycoleon U (5), 5,6-dehydrosugiol (6), sandaracopimaric acid (7), and xanthoperol (8). The structures of these compounds were determined by comparison of NMR spectral data with published data. The antitermitic (termicidal and antifeedant) activities of the compounds 18 against the subterranean termite, Reticulitermes speratus Kolbe, were evaluated. Compounds 1 and 3 showed potent termicidal activity, and 5 and 8 showed potent antifeedant activity. Compound 1 was found to be one of the representative bioactive compounds in the n-hexane extract of T. distichum cones. Compounds 18, with the exception of 7, were oxides of ferruginol (9). Therefore, the presence of various oxidation forms of the abietane-type structure reflects their various bioactivities.


Taxodium distichum Cone Taxodiaceae Abietane Diterpene Oxidation Antitermite Reticulitermes speratus Bioactivity 



The authors thank Nobuhiro Sekine and Ganis Lukmandaru (The United Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Iwate University) for research counsel.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Norihisa Kusumoto
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tatsuya Ashitani
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yuichi Hayasaka
    • 2
  • Tetsuya Murayama
    • 1
    • 2
  • Koichi Ogiyama
    • 2
  • Koetsu Takahashi
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.The United Graduate School of Agricultural ScienceIwate UniversityMoriokaJapan
  2. 2.Faculty of AgricultureYamagata UniversityTsuruokaJapan

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