Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 33, Issue 10, pp 1876–1884

Stability of Genetic-Based Defensive Chemistry Across Life Stages in a Eucalyptus Species

  • Julianne M. O’Reilly-Wapstra
  • Jonathan R. Humphreys
  • Brad M. Potts
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10886-007-9366-2

Cite this article as:
O’Reilly-Wapstra, J.M., Humphreys, J.R. & Potts, B.M. J Chem Ecol (2007) 33: 1876. doi:10.1007/s10886-007-9366-2

Abstract

Defensive chemistry is a key plant fitness trait, and the investigation of the expression of plant secondary metabolites across life stages is important in understanding the lifetime evolutionary selection pressures on a plant. The expression of genetic-based differences in foliar defensive chemistry, known to influence mammalian herbivore preferences, was studied across two contrasting life phases of the heteroblastic tree, Eucalyptus globulus. With plants from different subraces of E. globulus growing in a field trial, we compared the levels of seven chemical constituents in adult and juvenile foliage from related coppiced plants. Defensive chemistry was generally higher in more vulnerable coppice foliage than adult foliage. Significant, genetic-based differences among subraces were detected for two key defensive chemicals, a sideroxylonal and a macrocarpal, and these differences were stable across life phases. In contrast, significant differences among subraces in adult leaf condensed tannins were not evident in the coppice because of the absence of this group of tannins in this foliage. These findings lend support to hypotheses that suggest condensed tannins may have evolved for reasons other than mammalian herbivore defense.

Keywords

Genetic variation Heteroblasty Ontogeny Plant secondary metabolites 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julianne M. O’Reilly-Wapstra
    • 1
  • Jonathan R. Humphreys
    • 1
  • Brad M. Potts
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Plant Science and Cooperative Research Centre for ForestryUniversity of TasmaniaHobartAustralia

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