Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 31, Issue 1, pp 39–48 | Cite as


  • ZHONG-NING ZHANGEmail author


Extracts of female sex pheromone gland of the carpenterworm moth, Holcocerus hippophaecolus Hua, a pest of sandthorn, Hippophae rhamnoides L. were found to contain (E)-3-tetradecenyl acetate (E3-14:Ac), (Z)-3-tetradecenyl acetate (Z3-14:Ac), (Z)-7-tetradecenyl acetate (Z7-14:Ac), the corresponding alcohols, E3-14:OH, Z3-14:OH, Z7-14:OH, and (E)-9-tetradecenyl acetate (E9-14:Ac). Electroantennographic (EAG) analysis of these chemicals and their analogs demonstrated that Z7-14:Ac elicited the largest male EAG response, followed by E3-14:Ac. In field trials, traps baited with either Z7-14:Ac or E3-14:Ac alone caught no male moths, whereas a combination of these two components in a 1:1 ratio caught more males than control traps. Addition of Z7-14:OH and Z3-14:OH or the alcohols plus E9-14:Ac did not enhance trap catches. We conclude that the sex pheromone of H. hippophaecolusis composed of Z7-14:Ac and E3-14:Ac. Optimal ratios and doses of these two components, and the possible role of other minor components, remain to be determined.

Key Words

Holcocerus hippophaecolus sex pheromone (E)-3-tetradecenyl acetate (Z)-7-tetradecenyl acetate Lepidoptera Cossidae 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Capizzi, A., Tonini, C., Arsura, E., and Gaghelmotti, G. 1983. Sex pheromone components of European goat moth, Cossus cossus. J. Chem. Ecol. 9:190–200.Google Scholar
  2. Fang, Y. L. and Zhang, Z. N. 2002. Influence of host-plant volatile components on oviposition behavior and sex pheromone attractiveness to Helicoverpa armigera(Chinese). Acta Entomol. Sinica 45:63–67.Google Scholar
  3. Griepink, F. C., van Beek, T. A., Visser, J. H., Voerman, S., and de Groot, A. 1995. Isolation and identification of the sex pheromones of Symmetrischema tangolias(Gyen) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). J. Chem. Ecol. 21:2003–2013.Google Scholar
  4. Horiike, M., Yuan, G., and Hirano, C. 1990. Location of double-bond position in tetradecenols without chemical modification by mass spectrometry. Org. Mass Spectr. 25:329–332.Google Scholar
  5. Horiike, M., Yuan, G., and Hirano, C. 1991. Fuzzy classification of location of double bond in tetradecenyl acetates by electron impact mass spectrometry. Agric. Biol. Chem. 55:2521– 2526.Google Scholar
  6. Leonhardt, B. A. and de Vilbiss, E. D. 1985. Separation and double-bond determination on nanogram quantities of aliphatic monounsaturated alcohols, aldehydes and carboxylic acid methyl esters. J. Chromatogr. 322:484–490.Google Scholar
  7. Luo, Y. Q., Lu, C. K., and Xu, Z. C. 2003. Control strategies on a new serious forest pest insect-seabuckthorn carpenterworm, Holcocerus hippophaecolus (Chinese). Forest Pest Dis. 5:25–28.Google Scholar
  8. Qi, Y. T., Yu, Q. T., and Fang, D. Q. 1990. Studies on the sex pheromone of the Cossus mongolicus Ersch. (Chinese). Scientia Silvae Sinicae 26:316–321.Google Scholar
  9. Tian, R. M. and Tang, M. C. 1997. Preliminary study on biological characteristics of Holicocerus hippophaecolus. Inner Mongolia Forestry Sci. Technol. 1:36–38.Google Scholar
  10. Zhang, J. T., Han, Y., and Meng, X. Z. 2001. Sex pheromone of the carpenterworm, Holcocerus insularis (Lepidoptera, Cossidae). Z. Naturforsch. 56c:423–429.Google Scholar
  11. Zhou, Z. Y. 2002. Factors and control of the death of older Hippophae in the east of Eldos City of Nei Mongolia. Hippophae 15:7–11.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

    • 1
    • 1
    • 1
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest Insects and Rodents, Institute of ZoologyChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingP. R. China

Personalised recommendations