Self-Monitoring and Monetary Reinforcement Increases Rate of Walking in Adults with Intellectual Disabilities
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Physical inactivity is a widespread problem associated with numerous health problems and many individuals with intellectual disabilities are physically inactive. This study used an ABAB design to evaluate a session-based self-monitoring and monetary reinforcement intervention for increasing walking by adults with intellectual disabilities at a worksite. The intervention resulted in a noticeable increase in the rate of walking for all five participants, with consistent increases for four participants. This study also evaluated if staff could correctly implement the intervention. The staff member implemented the treatment with high fidelity, and the higher rates of walking observed when the researchers implemented the intervention were maintained when staff implemented the intervention. The participants and the staff member rated the intervention as effective and acceptable.
KeywordsWalking Pedometers Financial incentives Monetary contingency management Intellectual disabilities
Compliance with Ethical Standards
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. The University of South Florida Institutional Review Board reviewed and approved this study protocol.
All participants provided written informed consent prior to enrolling in the study.
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.
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